It is a medium-sized semi-evergreen tree growing to 30–35 m (100 ft) tall. The leaves are pinnate, 12–25 cm long, with four to eight leaflets, each leaflet 5-6 cm long and 2-3 cm broad; there is no terminal leaflet. The flowers are small, produced in panicles. The fruit is a woody capsule 5-10 cm long and 3-6 cm broad, containing numerous winged seeds.
It is also grown as an ornamental tree in subtropical and tropical regions
The word Mahagony is a Hindi/Sanskrit word which is made of two basic words Maha+Gony, which means great (maha) qualities (gony).