Surxondaryo Province (Surxondaryo viloyati, Сурхондарё вилояти, Persian: سرخاندریا, UniPers: "sorxāndaryā"), old spelling Surkhandarya Province is a viloyat (province) of Uzbekistan, located in the extreme south-east of the country. Established on March 6, 1941, it borders on Turkmenistan, Tajikstan, Afghanistan and Qashqadaryo Province. It covers an area of 20,100 km². The population is estimated at 1,925,100 (end of 2005 data), with 80% living in rural areas. According to official data, 80% of the population are Uzbeks and 13% Tajiks. The rest are Russians, Turkmen, and other nationalities.
The provincial capital is Termez with population of 122,900 and the second largest city is Denov (Denau) with 69,500 inhabitants (data for 2005). Other major towns include Boysun, Jarqo‘rg‘on, Qumqo‘rg‘on, Shargun, Sherobod, Sho‘rchi, and Sariosiyo.
The climate is typical continental with mild wet winters and hot dry summers.
Natural resources include petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Light industry, mainly cotton ginning and food processing, is also an important part of the provincial economy, particularly in the production of consumer goods. Agriculture is based primarily on cotton and cereals, supplemented with horticulture and viticulture. Surxondaryo is the country's largest supplier of long-fiber cotton. Livestock accounts for 40% of regional agricultural product. The climatic conditions of this region also make it possible to cultivate subtropical crops such as sugarcane.
|District name||District capital|
|4||Denov (Denau)||Denov (Denau)|
Main characteristics of agriculture in Surxondaryo Province
|Surxondaryo|| Percent of|
|Sown area||278,100 ha||8|
|Fruit orchards||12,600 ha||6|
|Sheep, goats||1,253,500 head||11|
UZBEKISTAN: CALL TO RESPECT HUMANITARIAN LAW IN CENTRAL ASIAN CONFLICT.(civilians evacuated in Surkhandarya province)(Brief Article)
Aug 28, 2000; "More than a 1,000 civilians have evacuated Surkhandarya province in southwest Uzbekistan [in AugustThis is an internal armed...