Surčin (Serbian Cyrillic: Сурчин) is a suburban settlement (town) and one of 17 municipalities which constitute the City of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is one of 10 suburban municipalities, not being part of the Belgrade City proper itself. The most important feature is the Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport which is located in this Belgrade's youngest municipality, as it split from the municipality of Zemun in 2003. Surčin municipality has 38,695 residents while Surčin town itself has 14,292.
Surčin is located in the eastern Syrmia region, 20 kilometers west of downtown Belgrade. It is just south of the Belgrade-Zagreb highway, on a Belgrade beltway which, when finished in 2011, will bypass the heavy traffic from the Belgrade's urban core to the city's southern outskirts (for now, it is the only case among European capitals that highway passes right through the city). The Syrmian section of the beltway however is already built and operational.
Surčin and the majority of the settlements in the municipality are growing fast. Though it has no urban connection with Belgrade on the east (that is, Novi Beograd's westernmost neighborhood of Ledine through which it is connected to the city), an urban zone is slowly developing along that road, turning Belgrade and Surčin into one continuous built-up area. Similar process develops on all sides of Surčin which, with the growth of population, grows into one urban area with Dobanovci (north), Jakovo (south) and Bečmen (west).
Population of the town of Surčin according to the official censuses:
The area of the town was settled through the most of the early human history. Being an old settlement, findings from prehistoric times are quite common. So far, it is established that a previous settlements existed in the neolithic, bronze age, stone age and Roman era.
Municipality of Surčin is located west of the Belgrade, in the eastern part of the Syrmia region. It borders the municipalities of Zemun (north) and Novi Beograd (east). Entire western border of the municipality is the administrative border of the province of Vojvodina while the Sava river formes the border to the municipalities of Čukarica (south-east) and Obrenovac (south).
The area of the municipality is flat and marshy as the entire southern section belongs to the floodplain of the Sava. Numerous smaller streams (mostly channeled) flow through the municipality, most notably the Galovica and Jarčina.
In period 1991 to 2002, population of the municipality grew from 35,591 to 38,695. Majority of that growth came from the refugees from Yugoslav Wars (mostly Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina). Since many of the refugees were integrated into the Serbian citizenship after 2002, it is to be expected the official number of population is much higher now.
All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority.
Surčin was the seat of its own municipality until 1965 when it was annexed to the municipality of Zemun (prior to that, municipalities of Boljevci and Dobanovci were annexed to the municipality of Surčin). A movement for splitting from Zemun was very vocal since the 1990s and even though it did not fulfil some of the conditions required by the Belgrade City Statute for creation of new municipality (mainly, the population of over 50,000), Belgrade City assembly voted to detach Surčin from Zemun (officially on November 24, 2003) but the newly formed municipality remained under the administration of the municipality of Zemun until next municipal elections and finally got its own administration on November 3, 2004. However, municipal administration and the overall political situation in Surčin is highy unstable ever since.
President of the local community of Surčin:
Presidents of the municipality:
The majority of population is into the agriculture. Extensive farms for the pig breeding are located in Surčin itself while in the smaller settlements the production is mostly for the Belgrade's market ("suburban agriculture" - fruits, early vegetables, etc).
The most important facility is the Belgrade Nikola Tesla airport, opened on April 28, 1962, instead of the old one in Bežanija. The new and modern airport put the small village on the map. The aeronautics museum is also located in the airport's complex.
The Belgrade-Zagreb highway passes through the municipality and also a beltway which continues through the Belgrade's southern outskirts The Syrmian section of the beltway (which separates from the highway at Dobanovci, then goes Surčin-Jakovo-Ostružnica) is already built and operational. An internal Belgrade's freight railway goes parallel to the beltway.