, in the field of topology
, a topological space
is called supercompact
if there is a subbasis
such that every open cover
of the topological space from elements of the subbasis has a subcover with at most two subbasis elements. Supercompactness and the related notion of superextension
was introduced by J. de Groot in 1967.
By the Alexander subbase theorem, every supercompact space is compact. Conversely, many (but not all) compact spaces are supercompact. The following are examples of supercompact spaces:
- A product of supercompact spaces is supercompact (like a similar statement about compactness, Tychonoff's theorem, it is equivalent to the axiom of choice, Banaschewski 1993)
Some compact Hausdorff spaces are not supercompact; such an example is given by the Stone–Čech compactification of the natural numbers (with the discrete topology) (Bell 1978).
A continuous image of a supercompact space need not be supercompact (Verbeek 1972, Mills--van Mill 1979).
In a supercompact space (or any continuous image of one), the cluster point of any countable subset is the limit of a nontrivial convergent sequence. (Yang 1994)
- B. Banaschewski, "Supercompactness, products and the axiom of choice." Kyungpook Math. J. 33 (1993), no. 1, 111--114.
- Bula, W.; Nikiel, J.; Tuncali, H. M.; Tymchatyn, E. D. "Continuous images of ordered compacta are regular supercompact." Proceedings of the Tsukuba Topology Symposium (Tsukuba, 1990). Topology Appl. 45 (1992), no. 3, 203--221.
- Murray G. Bell. "Not all compact Hausdorff spaces are supercompact." General Topology and Appl. 8 (1978), no. 2, 151--155.
- J. de Groot, "Supercompactness and superextensions." Contributions to extension theory of topological structures. Proceedings of the Symposium held in Berlin, August 14--19, 1967. Edited by J. Flachsmeyer, H. Poppe and F. Terpe. VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin 1969 279 pp.
- Mills, Charles F.; van Mill, Jan, "A nonsupercompact continuous image of a supercompact space." Houston J. Math. 5 (1979), no. 2, 241--247.
- J. van Mill, Supercompactness and Wallman spaces. Mathematical Centre Tracts, No. 85. Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam, 1977. iv+238 pp. ISBN: 90-6196-151-3
- M. Strok and A. Szymanski, "Compact metric spaces have binary bases. " Fund. Math. 89 (1975), no. 1, 81--91.
- A. Verbeek, Superextensions of topological spaces. Mathematical Centre Tracts, No. 41. Mathematisch Centrum, Amsterdam, 1972. iv+155 pp.