is a census-designated place
and unincorporated town in Maricopa County
, United States
. The population was 38,309 at the 2000 census
. Its adjoining sister city is Sun City West
both of which are retirement communities
often for snowbirds
Sun City is located at (33.597439, -112.272052).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.6 square miles (37.8 km²), of which, 14.5 square miles (37.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.62%) is water.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 38,309 people, 23,490 households, and 12,520 families residing in the CDP. The population density
was 2,639.5 people per square mile (1,019.4/km²). There were 27,731 housing units at an average density of 1,910.7/sq mi (737.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.44% White
, 0.51% Black
or African American
, 0.13% Native American
, 0.30% Asian
, 0.03% Pacific Islander
, 0.16% from other races
, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 23,490 households out of which 0.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 44.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 39.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.60 and the average family size was 2.07.
In the CDP the population was concentrated in the post-retirement years, with 0.4% under the age of 18, 0.3% from 18 to 24, 2.0% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 79.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 75 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 69.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,508, and the median income for a family was $40,464. Males had a median income of $35,459 versus $26,453 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,935. About 2.5% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
Sun City started construction in the 1960s as a Del Webb
community. Del Webb is a group that constructs retirement communities in the Sun Belt
. Sun City has a planned street network, but disrupts the secondary street layout of Phoenix
. Little has changed for the community in the last 40 years. However, as more retired to the area, Del Webb began construction on Sun City West
in the late-1970s, Sun City Grand
in the late-1990s, and Sun City Anthem
in 1999 and Sun City Festival
in July of 2006.
The community is well known to law students, as it is featured in the case Spur Industries v. Del E. Webb Development Co., 494 P.2d 700 (Ariz. 1972), commonly used in first year property law courses to illustrate nuisance law.
Municipal services are provided by a variety of public and private organizations. Police and street maintenance services are paid for by the taxpayers of the entire county. Fire service is provided by a local assessment district (Sun City Fire District
). Water and sewer utilities are provided by a private utility, the American Water Company
. Sanitation service is also by a private hauler, Parks and Sons. Parks and recreation services are controlled by private organizations that sell their services by subscription.
Although independent audits have shown that the community would receive more efficient delivery of services at an ultimately lower cost by incorporation, the issue is adamantly opposed by many outspoken critics.