Suleyman Sani Akhundov

Suleyman Sani Akhundov

Suleyman Sani Akhundov (Azeri: Süleyman Sani Axundov) (3 October 1875, Shusha29 March 1939, Baku) was an Azerbaijani playwright, journalist, children's author, and teacher. He chose the name Sani (Arabic for "the second") to avoid confusion with his namesake, Mirza Fatali Akhundov.

Life and contributions

Akhundov was born to a bey family in Shusha (then part of the Russian Empire, now a city in Azerbaijan) and graduated from the Transcaucasian Teachers Seminary (in present-day Gori, Georgia) in 1894. He was involved in teaching and journalism for the rest of his life. He was the co-author of the Azeri language textbook Ikinji il published in 1906. After Sovietization he served as Minister of Education of Azerbaijan's Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast for a short period of time. His first fictional piece called Tamahkar ("The Greedy One") was written in 1899. Between 1912 and 1913 he wrote a pentalogy entitled Gorkhulu naghillar ("Scary Stories"), which dealt with the theme of poverty and social inequality and therefore became one of the most popular children books later in the Soviet epoch. In his works written after 1920 he continues with the criticism of patriarchal norms, social backwardness, and despotism of the ruling class, and describes the expectations of people from the newly-established political system.

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