Until 1860 Feuerbach was mainly a rural community outside the larger city of Stuttgart. As well as traditional farming, the area housed a large number of vineyards. The Killesberg area included a number of stone quarries - with many of the sheer rock faces in this area still visible to this day. In 1848 the first railway tunnel was built between Stuttgart and Feuerbach marking the advent of rapid industrial development in the area. Among others this involved the Robert Bosch company which built a major factory in the town.
On 15 March 1907 Feuerbach was officially raised to the status of a town in its own right. In 1929 Feuerbach merged voluntarily with the neighbouring community of modern-day Stuttgart-Weilimdorf.
On 1 May 1933 Feuerbach was engulfed by the expanding city of Stuttgart and given the status of "Feuerbach district".
During the division of Stuttgart into Stadtbezirke (city districts) in 1956, Feuerbach was officially named Feuerbach Stadtbezirk. City district changes on 1 January 2001 resulted in the division of Feuerbach into the neighbourhoods of An der Burg, Bahnhof Feuerbach, Feuerbach-Mitte, Feuerbach-Ost, Feuerbacher Tal, Hohe Warte, Lemberg/Föhrich and Siegelberg.
Feuerbach has played a central role in the development of Stuttgart as a major German centre of industry. As a result it is still home to a large number of companies, including major internationals and small and medium-sized automotive suppliers.
As an outlying district of Stuttgart is it served by the S4, S5 and S6 lines of the Stuttgart S-Bahn suburban railway as well as the U5, U6 and U13 underground lines of the Stuttgart Stadtbahn and a variety of local bus services.
Feuerbach is also home to a vocational school for paint and design, another for woodworking technology, the Leitz business administration school and the Kerschensteinerschule for business technology
Feuerbach hosts a large multi-cultural community also reflected in the religious landscape which includes:
3 Catholic churches, 4 Protestant churches, one Free Protestant church, a United Methodist church, a New Apostolic Church, a free church of the Biblische Glaubens-Gemeinde (with 2200 seats, Stuttgart's largest church), a Greek Orthodox church, a Turkish Muslim mosque and an Albanian Muslim mosque.