Streymoy is the largest and most populated island of the Faroe Islands. The capital, Tórshavn is located there. The name means "island of currents".
The island is oblong in shape and stretches roughly in Northwest-Southeast direction with a length of 47 km (29 miles) and a width of around 10 km (six miles). There are two deeply indented fjords
in the Southeast: Kollafjørður and Kaldbaksfjørður. The island is mountainous, especially in the Northwest, with the highest peak Kopsenni (789 metres). That area is dominated by over 500-metre high cliffs.
Like the rest of the Faroe Islands there are numerous short streams and minor lakes. The main vegetation is grass, with no trees.
Streymoy is separated from the nearby Eysturoy, second largest island of the Faroe Islands by the narrow sound of Sundini in the east. To the West lies the island of Vágar, and to the South the island of Sandoy. Three additional smaller islands are situated around the Southern tip of Streymoy: Koltur, Hestur and Nólsoy.
There are about 21,000 inhabitants on the island, which represents more than 40% of the whole population of the Faroe Islands
. The majority of them reside in the capital Tórshavn
which has a population of about 15,000. Besides being the seat of the government it is also the chief port, seat of the university and the commercial centre of the islands.
Towns and villages
The other important towns include: Vestmanna
, the former ferry port in the West, Kollafjørður
at the centre and the picturesque villages of Saksun
in the North. From a historic point of view the village of Kirkjubøur
near the Southern tip of the island is very important as it was an episcopal center during the Middle Ages.
All the settlements are connected by surfaced roads. The main entry road to Tórshavn passes through a 2.8 km long tunnel. The connection to the island Eysturoy is via a bridge over the Sundini sound. Since 2002, a 4 km long undersea tunnel connects Streymoy to Vágar thereby completing the road connections of the three "mainland" islands.
Streymoy is connected by regular ferry service to the islands of Sandoy and Suðuroy. In summertime, scheduled ferry connects Tórshavn with Hanstholm in Denmark, Lerwick in the Shetland Islands (Scotland, United Kingdom), Bergen in Norway and Seyðisfjörður in Iceland. The closest airport is on Vágar island.