Stord is a municipality in the county of Hordaland, Norway.
Stord is sometimes called "Norway in miniature" - as it has such a variety of landscapes: The coastline, fjords, forests, agricultural land and a beautiful mountain area.
Stord is also the name of the island on which the municipality is located. The island consists of two municipalities, Stord in the south, and Fitjar in the north. In addition to the southern part of the Stord island, the municipality includes the islands of Huglo, Storsøya og Føyno. The main population centres in Stord are Leirvik and Sagvåg.
The parish of Stordøen was established as a municipality January 1, 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Fitjar was separated from Stord in 1860, and Valestrand in 1868.
The municipality is the one with the highest population in the district of Sunnhordland. Stord was declared a city in 1997.
The municipality is named after the main island of Stord (Old Norse Storð
). The name is old and was and still is used in Icelandic
literature meaning ground or earth. Before 1889, the name was written "Stordøen"
is from modern times. They were granted on 19 June 1987. The arms shows a yellow twig of holly
on a red field. The designer was Truls Nygaard.
The 3 biggest companies on Stord, Aker Stord
, Aker Elektro
, Wartsila and Leirvik MT employs more than 3000 people and are in their respective business world leaders.
Aker Stord, situated south of Leirvik, is the largest yard in Norway. Aker Stord has built and mated the biggest oil production plattforms in the world, Gullfaks C and Troll.
An extensive tunnel and bridge system, Trekantsambandet
, connected Stord to the mainland and to Bømlo
on 30 April 2001.
The airport in Stord is Stord Airport, Sørstokken
On 10 October 2006 an airplane from Atlantic Airways skid of the runway at Stord Airport, Sørstokken. Four people died.