, 1805-68, Austrian writer, b. Bohemia. Learned in law, mathematics, and science and accomplished as an artist, he was a tutor to important families and, later, a school inspector. His tales of the Bohemian Forest were widely read in his time and are still acclaimed for their sensitive descriptions of nature and of a simple and beautiful harmony between nature and man. Many of his tales were collected in Studien
(6 vol., 1844-50). His late novels, Der Nachsommer
(1857) and Witiko
(3 vol., 1865-67), are considered diffuse.
See biography by M. Gump (1973).
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