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State List

List of current heads of state and government

This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state. This list includes Taiwan, Western Sahara, Palestine and Kosovo, who have significant international recognition and control over much or all of their sovereign territory.

States recognised by the United Nations

State Head of state Head of government
President Bamir Topi Prime Minister Sali Berisha
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia
Co-Prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative Nemesi Marqués Oste

Co-Prince Nicolas Sarkozy
Representative Philippe Massoni
Head of Government Albert Pintat
President José Eduardo dos Santos Prime Minister Paulo Kassoma
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Louise Lake-Tack
Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer
President Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Quentin Bryce
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
President Heinz Fischer Chancellor Alfred Gusenbauer
President Ilham Aliyev Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Bahamas Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Arthur Dion Hanna
Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham
King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah Prime Minister Khalifah ibn Sulman Al Khalifah
President Iajuddin Ahmed Chief Adviser Fakhruddin Ahmed
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Clifford Husbands
Prime Minister David Thompson
President Alexander Lukashenko Prime Minister Sergey Sidorsky
King Albert II Prime Minister Yves Leterme
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Colville Young
Prime Minister Dean Barrow
King Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck Prime Minister Jigme Thinley
Chairman of the Presidency Haris Silajdžić
Presidency Member Nebojša Radmanović

Presidency Member Željko Komšić
Prime Minister Nikola Špirić
President Georgi Parvanov Prime Minister Sergey Stanishev
President Blaise Compaoré Prime Minister Tertius Zongo
Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe Prime Minister Thein Sein
King Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister Hun Sen
President Paul Biya Prime Minister Ephraïm Inoni
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Michaëlle Jean
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
President Pedro Pires Prime Minister José Maria Neves
President François Bozizé Prime Minister Faustin-Archange Touadéra
President Idriss Déby Prime Minister Youssouf Saleh Abbas
China President Hu Jintao Premier Wen Jiabao
Congo-Brazzaville
Congo-Kinshasa President Joseph Kabila Prime Minister Adolphe Muzito
President Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister Ivo Sanader
President Václav Klaus Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek
Queen Margrethe II Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen
President Ismail Omar Guelleh Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
President Nicholas Liverpool Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit
East Timor President José Ramos-Horta Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão
President Hosni Mubarak Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif
President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Prime Minister Ignacio Milam Tang
President Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
President Girma Wolde-Giorgis Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
President Josefa Iloilo Acting Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama
President Tarja Halonen Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen
President Nicolas Sarkozy Prime Minister François Fillon
President Omar Bongo Prime Minister Jean Eyeghe Ndong
Gambia
President Mikheil Saakashvili Prime Minister Lado Gurgenidze
President Horst Köhler Chancellor Angela Merkel
President Karolos Papoulias Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Daniel Williams
Prime Minister Tillman Thomas
President João Bernardo Vieira Prime Minister Carlos Correia
Guinea President Lansana Conté Prime Minister Ahmed Tidiane Souaré
President Bharrat Jagdeo Prime Minister Sam Hinds
President René Préval Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis
President László Sólyom Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány
President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister Geir Haarde
President Pratibha Patil Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Jalal Talabani (Pres.), Adil Abdul Mahdi (VP), Tariq al-Hashimi (VP) Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Ireland President Mary McAleese Taoiseach Brian Cowen
President Shimon Peres Prime Minister Ehud Olmert
President Giorgio Napolitano Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo Prime Minister Guillaume Soro
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Kenneth Hall
Prime Minister Bruce Golding
Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Taro Aso
King Abdullah II Prime Minister Nader al-Dahabi
President Nursultan Nazarbayev Prime Minister Karim Massimov
President Mwai Kibaki Prime Minister Raila Odinga
Emir Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister Nasser Al-Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev Prime Minister Igor Chudinov
President Choummaly Sayasone Prime Minister Bouasone Bouphavanh
President Valdis Zatlers Prime Minister Ivars Godmanis
President Michel Sleiman Prime Minister Fouad Siniora
King Letsie III Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili
Secretary General of the General People's Congress Miftah Muhammed K'eba Prime Minister Baghdadi Mahmudi
Prince Hans-Adam II
Prince-Regent Alois
Head of Government Otmar Hasler
President Valdas Adamkus Prime Minister Gediminas Kirkilas
Grand Duke Henri Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Macedonia President Branko Crvenkovski Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski
President Marc Ravalomanana Prime Minister Charles Rabemananjara
Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
President Amadou Toumani Touré Prime Minister Modibo Sidibé
President Edward Fenech Adami Prime Minister Lawrence Gonzi
President of the High Council of State Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf
President Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam
Micronesia
President Vladimir Voronin Prime Minister Zinaida Greceanîi
Prince Albert II Minister of State Jean-Paul Proust
President Nambaryn Enkhbayar Prime Minister Sanjaagiin Bayar
President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović
King Muhammad VI Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi
President Armando Guebuza Prime Minister Luisa Diogo
President Ram Baran Yadav Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Queen Beatrix Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Anand Satyanand
Prime Minister Helen Clark
President Tandja Mamadou Prime Minister Seyni Oumarou
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly Kim Yong-nam
Eternal President Kim Il-sung
Premier Kim Yong-il
King Harald V Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg
President Asif Ali Zardari Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Paulias Matane
Prime Minister Michael Somare
President Alan García Prime Minister Jorge del Castillo
Prime Minister-designate Yehude Simon
President Lech Kaczyński Prime Minister Donald Tusk
President Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister José Sócrates
Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Prime Minister Hamad ibn Jaber Al Thani
President Traian Băsescu Prime Minister Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
President Dmitry Medvedev Prime Minister Vladimir Putin
President Paul Kagame Prime Minister Bernard Makuza
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Cuthbert Sebastian
Prime Minister Denzil Douglas
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister Stephenson King
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
O le Ao o le Malo Tufuga Efi Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
President Fradique de Menezes Prime Minister Joaquim Rafael Branco
President Abdoulaye Wade Prime Minister Cheikh Hadjibou Soumaré
President Boris Tadić Prime Minister Mirko Cvetković
President Sellapan Ramanathan Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
President Ivan Gašparovič Prime Minister Robert Fico
President Danilo Türk Prime Minister Janez Janša
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Nathaniel Waena
Prime Minister Derek Sikua
President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed Prime Minister Nur Hassan Hussein
President Lee Myung-bak
Prime Minister Han Seung-soo
King Juan Carlos Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
President Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
King Mswati III Prime Minister Themba Dlamini
King Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
President Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister Muhammad Naji al-Otari
President Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister Oqil Oqilov
President Jakaya Kikwete Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda
King Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat
President Faure Gnassingbé Prime Minister Gilbert Houngbo
King George Tupou V Prime Minister Feleti Sevele
President George Maxwell Richards Prime Minister Patrick Manning
President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi
President Abdullah Gül Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Filoimea Telito
Prime Minister Apisai Ielemia
President Yoweri Museveni Prime Minister Apolo Nsibambi
President Viktor Yushchenko Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko
President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister Gordon Brown
President Islom Karimov Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
President Kalkot Mataskelekele Prime Minister Edward Natapei
Vatican City Pope Benedict XVI President of the Governorate Giovanni Lajolo
President Nguyễn Minh Triết Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
President Ali Abdullah Saleh Prime Minister Ali Muhammad Mujawar
President Robert Mugabe Prime Minister-designate Morgan Tsvangirai

States recognised by United Nations members

State Head of state Head of government
Abkhazia President Sergei Bagapsh Prime Minister Alexander Ankvab
Kosovo President Fatmir Sejdiu Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi
Northern Cyprus President Mehmet Ali Talat Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer
Palestine President Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister Salam Fayyad
President Eduard Kokoyty Acting Prime Minister Boris Chochiev
Republic of China President Ma Ying-jeou Premier Liu Chao-shiuan
Western Sahara President Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister Abdelkader Taleb Oumar

States not recognised by the United Nations

This list encompass the leaders of geo-political entities that lack significant international recognition. The degree of control these entities exert over their claimed territories may vary.
State Head of state Head of government
Nagorno-Karabakh President Bako Sahakyan Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan
Transnistria

Notes

See also

External links

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