is a Kreis
(district) in the southern part of Bavaria
. Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Fürstenfeldbruck
, Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen
Starnberg is often credited with being Germany's wealthiest district in terms of average per capita income.
Main geographic feature of the district are the five lakes - the Starnberger See
, as well as the smaller Weßlinger See
. The lakes were formed by the glaciers
of the last ice age
. Hence the district is also called Fünf-Seen-Land
(five lake county).
The district was created in 1902, when the Bezirksamt München II
was dissolved, and the new Bezirksamt Starnberg
and Bezirksamt Wolfratshausen
were created. Starting in 1939 they were called Landkreis
. In 1972
two municipalities (Bachhausen and Höhenrain) from the district Wolfratshausen were added to the district. In the 1978 communal reform the previously 42 municipalities were merged into the current 14 ones.
Since 1982 the district has a partnership with the district Bad Dürkheim
. Since 1981 it also has a partnership with the Taipei County
, which developed after a delegation of parachutists
from Taiwan stayed in Starnberg for the 1980 parachuting world championship in Altenstadt/Schongau
Coat of arms
| || The coat of arms show the Bavarian diamonds in the background, with a yellow lion and eagle in front. The two animals were the symbol of the Counts of Andechs-Meranien, who ruled the area until 1248. |
Towns and municipalities