Stanford

Stanford

[stan-ferd]
Stanford, Sir Charles Villiers, 1852-1924, English composer and teacher, b. Dublin, studied in Cambridge, and Leipzig. In 1883 he became professor of music at the Royal College of Music, and in 1887 at Cambridge; he held both positions until his death. His compositions include seven operas, of which the comic opera Shamus O'Brien (1896) was most popular; seven symphonies; choral works; and chamber music. Only his Anglican church services and anthems are still regularly performed. He edited and arranged collections of Irish songs and wrote a textbook of composition and several autobiographical works.

See biography by H. P. Greene (1935).

Stanford, Leland, 1824-93, American railroad builder, politician, and philanthropist, b. Watervliet, N.Y. After practicing law in Wisconsin, he went (1852) to California, where he became a successful merchant. He served as governor (1861-63) of California and was one of the four founders of the Central Pacific RR. He was its president until his death, and he personally served as superintendent during part of its construction. He was also president (1885-90) of the Southern Pacific RR. From 1885 to his death he was a U.S. Senator. He founded and endowed Stanford Univ. as a memorial to his son, Leland Stanford, Jr. His wife, Jane Lathrop Stanford, 1825-1905, b. Albany, N.Y., shared in founding the university and continued to aid it after her husband's death.
White, Stanford, 1853-1906, American architect, b. New York City; son of Richard Grant White. In 1872 he entered the office of Gambrill and Richardson in Boston, at the time when H. H. Richardson was at the peak of his fame. There White worked upon the design for Trinity Church, Boston. After studying in Europe, he entered (1879) into partnership with C. F. McKim and W. R. Mead, a firm that was to affect the course of American architecture over a long period. White had a passionate love of beauty; his special talents were for the decorative elements of a building and for its interior design and furnishing. He also possessed a wide knowledge of antiques. Among the buildings executed by the firm, those that are commonly ascribed as his individual accomplishments include the second Madison Square Garden, Madison Square Presbyterian Church, the New York Herald Building, Washington Arch, and the Century Club, all in New York City; only the last two still stand. These buildings illustrated his characteristic concentration upon rich and graceful effects and especially upon beautifully sculptured Renaissance ornament. White was shot and killed in Madison Square Roof Garden by Harry K. Thaw because of his love affair with Thaw's wife, Evelyn Nesbit Thaw. After his death the firm continued to design buildings in his style that later were erroneously attributed to White himself, e.g., the Harvard Club, New York City.

See biography by C. C. Baldwin (1931, repr. 1971); P. Baker, Stanny (1990).

Moore, Stanford, 1913-82, American biochemist, b. Chicago, Ph.D. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, 1938. Moore joined the faculty at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller Univ.) in New York in 1939 and remained there until his death in 1982. He received the 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Christian Anfinsen and William Stein for their work on the enzyme ribonuclease, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of RNA into smaller components. Moore and Stein are credited with describing in detail the chemical structure of catalytically active sites on the enzyme and their relation to the enzyme's biological activity.

(born Nov. 9, 1853, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died June 25, 1906, New York City) U.S. architect. He trained with Henry Hobson Richardson. In 1880 he formed an architectural firm with Charles F. McKim and William R. Mead that soon became the most famous in the country, known especially for its Shingle-style country and seaside mansions. The firm later led the U.S. trend toward Neoclassical architecture. White's design for the Casino (1881) at Newport, R.I., exhibited his characteristic use of gracefully proportioned structures and Italian Renaissance ornamentation. His New York commissions included Madison Square Garden (1891) and the Washington Arch (1891). A versatile artist, he also designed jewelry, furniture, and interiors. An extrovert noted for his lavish entertainments, he was shot to death at Madison Square Garden by Harry Thaw, the husband of the showgirl Evelyn Nesbit, with whom White had had a love affair.

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(born March 9, 1824, Watervliet, N.Y., U.S.—died June 21, 1893, Palo Alto, Calif.) U.S. entrepreneur, a builder of the first transcontinental railroad. He practiced law in Wisconsin before settling in Sacramento, Calif., where he built a successful retail business in mining supplies and became active in local politics. He served as governor of California (1861–63). He invested heavily in the plan to build a transcontinental railroad, and when the Central Pacific Railroad was organized in 1861 he became its president (1863–93). During his tenure its track was built eastward to join that of the Union Pacific at Promontory, Utah (1869), and he played a major role in further railroad development in California and the Southwest. From 1885 to 1893 he served in the U.S. Senate. He and his wife, Jane, founded Stanford University in 1885.

Learn more about Stanford, (Amasa) Leland with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Nov. 9, 1853, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died June 25, 1906, New York City) U.S. architect. He trained with Henry Hobson Richardson. In 1880 he formed an architectural firm with Charles F. McKim and William R. Mead that soon became the most famous in the country, known especially for its Shingle-style country and seaside mansions. The firm later led the U.S. trend toward Neoclassical architecture. White's design for the Casino (1881) at Newport, R.I., exhibited his characteristic use of gracefully proportioned structures and Italian Renaissance ornamentation. His New York commissions included Madison Square Garden (1891) and the Washington Arch (1891). A versatile artist, he also designed jewelry, furniture, and interiors. An extrovert noted for his lavish entertainments, he was shot to death at Madison Square Garden by Harry Thaw, the husband of the showgirl Evelyn Nesbit, with whom White had had a love affair.

Learn more about White, Stanford with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Stanford is a census-designated place (CDP) in Santa Clara County, California, United States. The population was 13,315 at the 2000 census.

Stanford is an unincorporated area of Santa Clara County and is adjacent to the city of Palo Alto. Stanford, California is a valid postal address, and has its own post office and ZIP codes: 94305 (campus buildings) and 94309 (post-office boxes). A popular site to see/hike in Stanford is the Dish.

The CDP of Stanford is mostly made up of Stanford University. Its resident population consists of the inhabitants of on-campus housing, including graduate student villages and the "Faculty Ghetto" of single-family homes owned by their faculty inhabitants but located on leased Stanford land. A residential neighborhood adjacent to the Stanford campus, College Terrace, featuring streets named after universities and colleges, including Oxford, Harvard, Columbia, Yale, Princeton, Cornell, and Amherst, is not part of the Stanford CDP but of the city of Palo Alto.

Geography

Stanford is located at (37.422590, -122.165413).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.2 km²), of which, 2.8 square miles (7.1 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.44%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,314 people, 3,207 households, and 1,330 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,849.8 people per square mile (1,869.4/km²). There were 3,315 housing units at an average density of 1,207.4/sq mi (465.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 60.40% White, 4.90% Black or African American, 0.72% Native American, 25.57% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, and 4.60% from two or more races. 8.96% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 3,207 households out of which 17.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 1.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.5% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.73.

The age distribution was 7.2% under the age of 18, 58.5% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 6.1% from 45 to 64, and 4.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 118.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,106, and the median income for a family was $88,596. Males had a median income of $67,250 versus $56,991 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,443. About 11.1% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

The city is strongly Democratic, with 54% registered with Democrats and 15% registered with the Republican Party. In the state legislature Stanford is located in the 11th Senate District, represented by Democrat Joe Simitian, and in the 21st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Ira Ruskin. Federally, Stanford is located in California's 14th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +18 and is represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.

References

External links

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