City (pop., 2000: 117,083), southwestern Connecticut, U.S. Stamford lies at the mouth of the Rippowam River on Long Island Sound. Founded in 1641, it was a farming community until the railroad reached it in the 1840s. It was essentially a residential suburb of New York City until the early 1970s, when several major corporations moved their headquarters there, revitalizing the city's economic life. Its decaying downtown was razed and rebuilt with modern skyscrapers; today Stamford has one of the largest concentrations of corporate headquarters in the U.S.
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Supported by agriculture, miles of rich farm ground surround the town. Crops grown in the area include corn, alfalfa, wheat, milo. Livestock includes cattle, swine, and sheep.
In 1887 George Zulauf built a flour and feed mill on the north bank of the Sappa Creek. The building was covered with red tin and powered by the flowing water in the creek bed ten feet below it. Zulauf operated this mill until 1919 when the Gilchrist Bros purchased it. Fire destroyed the mill in 1920.
The post office was established in the community in 1887, phone service in 1901, electricity in 1918, and water works in 1927.
A school was erected in town in 1888 in the west side of town. The building was replaced with a red brick building on the east side of town in 1918.
There were 90 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.84.
In the village the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 27.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $31,667, and the median income for a family was $42,250. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,076. About 8.2% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 8.3% of those sixty five or over.