There are many different forms of articulation, each having a different effect on how the note is played. Some articulation marks include the slur, phrase mark, staccato, staccatissimo, accent, sforzando, rinforzando, and legato. Each articulation is represented by a different symbol placed above or below the note (depending on its position on the staff).
Woodwind and brass instruments generally articulate by tonguing, the use of the tongue to break the airflow into the instrument. Stringed instruments use different bowing techniques to achieve different articulations.
When staccato marks are combined with a slur, the result is portato, also known as articulated legato. Tenuto markings under a slur are called (for bowed strings) hook bows. This name is also less commonly applied to staccato or martellato (martelé) markings.
Joseph Haydn.(6 String Quartets, Opus 20, Hoboken III: 31-36)(6 String Quartets, Opus 33, Hoboken III: 37-42)(6 String Quartets, Opus 50, Hoboken III: 44-49)(Book Review)
Dec 01, 2005; Joseph Haydn. 6 String Quartets, Opus 20, Hoboken III: 31-36. Edited by Simon Rowland-Jones; editorial consultant, David...