St. Pauli located in the Hamburg-Mitte borough is one of the 105 quarters of the city of Hamburg, Germany. Situated on the right bank of the Elbe river, the Landungsbrücken are a northern part of the port of Hamburg. St. Pauli contains a world famous red light district around the street Reeperbahn. In 2006 the population was 27,612.
At the beginning of the 17th century it developed as a suburb called 'Hamburger Berg' (Hamburg mountain) outside the gates of the nearby city of Hamburg and close to the city of Altona
. The name comes from a hill in that area that was planed by Hamburg in 1620 for defence reasons (free field of fire for the artillery). Therefore, settlement was initially allowed there, but soon businesses, which were not desired inside Hamburg, e.g. for their smell or noise, were relegated to 'Hamburger Berg'. Also the rope makers (or 'Reeper' in Low German
) went here because in the city it was hard to find enough space for their work. The name of St. Pauli's most famous street Reeperbahn
, or "Rope Walk," harkens back to its rope making past. When people were officially allowed to live in St. Pauli at the end of the 17th century the city government moved workhouses
) hospitals out of the city to 'Hamburger Berg,' which later was named after its church, 'St. Pauli' (Saint Paul
There have been various social fights during the last decades (examples are Hafenstraße, Rote Flora and Bambule).
It is situated directly on the north bank of the Elbe
river close to the port of Hamburg
. Its is located south to Eimsbüttel
, west of Hamburg-Neustadt
and east of Altona
. According to the statistical office of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein
, the quarter has total area of .
St. Pauli has 27,612 inhabitants in more than 17,000 households . Immigrants were 27.9% of the population. There were 11.9% with children under the age of 18 and 9.3% of the inhabitants were 65 years of age or older. 63.4% of all households were made up of individuals.
The Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine
(BNI) is located in the Bernhard Nocht Straße 7. It is a research center for tropical and infectious diseases and provides an information center about health risks, vaccinations and medical data about other countries for tourism and traval advice. The former in the Bernhard Nocht Straße located hospital department is now in the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf
(UKE), Martinistraße 52. BNI website
In 2006 there were 2 elementary schools and 1 secondary school in St. Pauli.
Culture and recreation
A part of the park Planten un Blomen is located in the St. Pauli quarter.
A prominent symbol is its football club, FC St. Pauli. The club played host to the inaugural FIFI Wild Cup in May-June 2006.
St. Pauli has a long tradition as a recreation and amusement centre. The big port of Hamburg led many sailors to Hamburg who preferably spent their spare time (as long as their ships were unloaded and loaded again) in this area. Since then there has been prostitution in St. Pauli. And it is still best known as Hamburg's red-light district. Although this is wrong, the so called red-light district is a area of a few streets around the street Reeperbahn often referred to as the Kiez.
Bars and music clubs have a tradition in the Kiez St. Pauli. The Beatles lived in St. Pauli and played at the Star-Club before becoming famous. Singer and actor Hans Albers is strongly associated with St. Pauli, providing the neighbourhood's unofficial anthem, with "Auf der Reeperbahn Nachts um Halb Eins." (On the Reeperbahn half past midnight) from the movie "Große Freiheit Nr. 7".
The district is referenced in the song 'St Pauli' by Art Brut, which also contains the lyrics "Punk rock ist nicht tot" (punk rock is not dead).
The Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency Bundesamt für Seeschiffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH)
is located in Bernhard Nocht Str. 78. The BSH is a federal authority coming under the jurisdication of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs
. Among others things it provides informations of all matters of maritime shipping, to special funding programmes, law of flag, certification of mariners and informations of the coasts and coastal waters of Germany. Official website BSH
The rapid transit
system services St. Pauli with the city train
and the underground railway
, St. Pauli
. Public transport is also provided by buses and ferries to the other bank of the Elbe
As of 2006, according to the Department of Motor Vehicles (Kraftfahrt-Bundesamt), 5487 private cars were registered in St. Pauli.
- Reeperbahn, a street in the quarter St. Pauli (the so called red-light district).