St. Denis

St. Denis

[seynt den-is; for 2, 3 also Fr. san duh-nee]
St. Denis, Ruth, 1877-1968, American dancer, b. Newark, N.J., whose name was originally Ruth Dennis. After her debut (c.1893) she toured with David Belasco. In 1906 she began her recitals of highly imaginative and spectacular dances inspired by the arts and religions of Egypt, India, and East Asia. She performed in Europe (1906-8) and in the United States (after 1909), exerting a widespread influence on modern dance. With Ted Shawn, whom she married in 1914, she founded the Denishawn Schools in Los Angeles and in New York City (1920). A divergence in their views after 1931 led her to found (1940) a separate school. Her dances include Radha, Incense, Cobras, and Nautch.

See her autobiography (1939). See study by S. Shelton (1981).

The Chemin de fer Châtel-St-Denis-Palézieux (CP) was opened in 1901, a metre gauge railway running between the towns in its title. At Chatel-St-Denis it formed an end-on junction with the Châtel-St-Denis-Bulle-Montbovon line of the Chemins de fer électriques de la Gruyère, at that time still under construction, opened to Vuadens in 1903 and by 1904 completed through to Montbovon. In that same year also a line to Vevey by the Chemins de fer électriques Veveysans opened.

On 20 December 1907, after an independent existence of just six years, CP amalgamated with its neighbour Chemins de fer électriques de la Gruyère.

Sources

Grandguillaume Michel, et al., Voies étroites de Veveyse et de Gruyère. BVA, Lausanne, 1984, ISBN 3-88125-003-3

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