is a commune
in the Somme département
in the Picardie
region of France
Situated some 23 miles north of Amiens
, on the junction of the D933 and D99e roads, only a few hundred yards from the border with the Pas-de-Calais
Although a small commune, Saint-Acheul is well known to archaeologists, as it gives its name to the Acheulean
industry of stone tool users in Europe, Africa and Asia. The earliest human activity in the area, from the Lower Palaeolithic
, was some of the first early prehistoric
evidence ever identified.
In the middle of the 19th century, flint
tools had been found by Dr. Jean-Paul Rigollot
Noted French archaeologists Jean Albert Gaudry
and Gabriel de Mortillet
also investigated the site, the latter coining the term Acheulean for the tools that were discovered. A schoolteacher, one Victor Cormont, discovered a new deposit in a quarry near Saint-Acheul.
In the first century AD the Romans settled the area and a monastery was built in St Acheul during the Middle Ages. Saint Ulphia
was a hermit here during the 8th century.
Communes of the Somme department