Spartans FC

Local derby

In many countries the term local derby, or simply just derby (pronounced 'dur-bee' in American English and 'dar-bee' in British English after the city of Derby) means a sporting fixture between two (generally local) rivals, particularly in association football. In North America, "crosstown rivalry" is a more common term. The term is sometimes also used to describe major rivalries in which both clubs have substantial regional or national followings.

The phrase may have originated from an all-in football game (Royal Shrovetide Football) contested annually between the two halves of the English town of Ashbourne, Derbyshire. This match has been and still is played on Shrove Tuesday. Another theory is that it originated from The Derby, a horse race in England, founded by the 12th Earl of Derby in 1780. Yet another theory is that the 'derby match' saying arose from when Liverpool played Everton. Their two grounds were separated by Stanley Park, owned by the Earl of Derby. This latter suggestion can be discounted, however. The Widnes Weekly News of 9 March 1889 describes a game between the (rugby) football team of that town and the touring Maoris as 'the local Derby'. This usage was three years before Liverpool FC came into existence.

Another widely reported, and somewhat more plausible theory (although not accepted by the Oxford English Dictionary) is that the phrase came about from the city of Derby itself. The traditional Shrovetide football match was also common place in the city. It was renowned as a chaotic and exuberant game which involved the whole town and often resulted in fatalities. The goals were at Nuns Mill in the north and the Gallows Balk in the south of the town, and much of the action took place in the Derwent river or Markeaton brook. Nominally the players came from All Saints' and St Peter's parishes, but in practice the game was a free for all with as many as 1,000 players. A Frenchman who observed the match in 1829 wrote in horror, 'if Englishmen call this play, it would be impossible to say what they call fighting'.

Another theory is that the term applies, not to the match itself but to the size of the crowd. In the early years of the twentieth century, the largest sporting crowd in England was at the annual Derby horserace meeting where in excess of half a million people would pack Epsom Downs to watch the race. At that time football matches were attended entirely by 'home' supporters - the concept of the 'away supporter' lay many years into the future as the largely working class crowds could not afford to follow their teams around the country. Supporters watched the first team and reserves who were 'at home' on alternate Saturdays. The only exception came when two teams from the same town played one-another. Then the 'home' supporters of both teams would turn up, producing the largest gate of the season. The term 'local derby' was coined by the press as an analogy to the Derby race crowd. In time the expression came to refer to the match rather than the size of the crowd.

The only thing that is generally accepted is that the term is in some way linked to the county of Derbyshire.

Derbies usually have a much more heated atmosphere between the fans and often the players of the two clubs. For some derbies, an added source of tension between the two clubs can be political or sectarian rivalry.

An example of sectarian rivalry is in the Old Firm derby between the two leading clubs of Glasgow in Scotland. The Old Firm Derby is arguably the biggest derby match in sport, due to the profile of the clubs and their historic rivalry. It should be noted that the Old Firm normally takes place four times per season in the Scottish Premier League, thereby making it a more common fixture than other major derbies. In the matches between Celtic and Rangers, the two clubs are widely perceived as respectively representing the Catholic and Protestant populations of Glasgow.

'Derby' is commonly used to signify matches between teams in the same town or region, however historical national rivalries, such as Ajax Amsterdam v Feyenoord are sometimes also considered derbies as well as major football rivalries. Though the term is rarely applied to international matches, matches between any two of the four British national teams (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) are sometimes referred to as a "British derby", the most recent of which took place during the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifying stage when England, Wales and Northern Ireland were all drawn in the same group.

Ironically Derby itself does not have a football rivalry within the City as there is only one major club Derby County F.C.. At one point there was a rivalry within the city between Derby County and Derby Midland, however the two clubs merged. Their main football rival is generally seen as Nottingham Forest, a team from the nearby city of Nottingham.

Albania

Algeria

Argentina

Australia

Australian rules football

Basketball

Football (soccer)

Rugby league

Austria

Belgium

Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Alagoas

Amazonas

Bahia

Ceará

Goiás

Maranhão

Mato Grosso do Sul

Minas Gerais

Pará

Paraíba

Paraná

Pernambuco

Piauí

Rio de Janeiro

Rio Grande do Norte

Rio Grande do Sul

Roraima

Santa Catarina

São Paulo

Sergipe

Bulgaria

Cameroon

Canada

Chile

China

Colombia

Costa Rica

Croatia

Czech Republic

Cyprus

Denmark

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Finland

Football (Veikkausliiga)

Ice Hockey SM-liiga

France

Football

Rugby union

Basketball

Handball

Handball

Ice Hockey

Greece

Guatemala

Honduras

Hungary

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Football

Basketball

Iran

Football

Basketball

Volleyball

Futsal

Ireland

Football

: There are currently 5 Dublin sides in the FAI National League, following the destruction of Dublin City F.C. Any Dublin team playing another is regarded as a Dublin derby but these derbies are usually contested most keenly.

Rugby

Gaelic games

Due to the nature of the Provincial structure of Gaelic games, games with in a province are considered derbys, counties board many counties Offaly for example is connected to eight other counties which can also be considered derbys. Some of the most notable derbys as listed below.

Hurling

Gaelic football

Israel

Football

Basketball

Handball

Italy

Football

Traditional:

Others:

Basketball

Japan

Jordan

Korea

Kuwait

Libya

Intercity Derbies

Tripoli Derbies

Benghazi Derbies

Lithuania

Football

Basketball

Malta

This is by far the deadliest derby on the Maltese Islands. Floriana is a suburb city of Valletta and generally Floriana fans are taunted about being the "carpet" to the capital city(Valletta). However, the Floriana supporters ('ta' l-Irish') always taunt Valletta about the fact that a few years back, Valletta was full of British and Allied Militars frequenting the city. The 'Lilywhites'(Valletta) ara also taunted because in the past there was an infamous area with lot of poverty and lack of social awareness(Mandragg). There is also a hot argument over the Mascots chosen. Ironically both clubs hold a lion as their mascot since there is a statue of a lion looking at Valletta in Floriana. However this lion was built by Manoel de Vilhena and Floriana is also known as 'Borgo Vilhena'.

These two club are the most successful on the Maltese Islands. Floriana have won 25 championships and Sliema have won 26. This rivalry was more intense in the past due to the fact that lately these clubs were't confronting each other in decisive matches. Lately, due to Floriana's revival, this derby became more interesting and recent mathces have became more interesting and fiercely fought. The last match ended 1-0 for Floriana, with the latter scoring the crucial goal late in the match.

This was not an intense match in the past but suddenly, against all odds, Mr. Victor Zammit became the chairman of Birkirkara FC in the 90s and this side transformed into a deadly team, competing for the major honours in Malta. Valletta was the most feared side in the Premier League but suddenly Birkirkara managed to win 4-1 in one of the best matches ever played under the helm of Victor Zammit and Joe Caruana Curran. The 2 May 1998 was the title decider and Birkirkara FC needed just 1 point to clinch their first ever title.

Mexico

Football (soccer)

Baseball

American Football

Moldova

  • Tiraspol derby - Sheriff Tiraspol vs FC Tiligul-Tiras.
  • Chisinau derby - Zimbru Chisinau vs Dacia Chisinau.

Montenegro

Morocco

Netherlands

Professional Football

Amateur Football

  • IJsselmeervogels - SV Spakenburg
  • Quick boys - vv Katwijk
  • Rijnsburgse boys - FC Lisse
  • vv DOVO - GVVV
  • Derby of Breda - vv Baronie v NAC Breda
  • Amstelveense Derby - Sporting Martinus v Roda 23'

New Zealand

  • Battle of The Bridge - Auckland v North Harbour - Rugby Union
  • Auckland Derby - Auckland City FC v Waitakere United - Football
  • Auckland vs Canterbury - various
  • Auckland vs Wellington - various
  • Bay of Plenty vs Waikato - Rugby Union
  • Canterbury vs Otago - various
  • Manawatu vs Hawke's Bay - Rugby Union
  • Taranaki vs Wellington - Rugby Union
  • Battle of the Cook Strait - Tasman vs Wellington - Rugby Union
  • East Coast vs Poverty Bay - Rugby Union
  • West Coast vs Buller - Rugby Union

Norway

Football

Panamá

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Local derbies are confined to college rivalries, since teams from the biggest professional league, the Philippine Basketball Association, represent companies, not locales.

The defunct Metropolitan Basketball Association which had teams representing locales, had some notable derbies:

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Bucharest

Cluj-Napoca

Ploieşti

West derby

West Derby - UT Arad v FCU Politehnica Timişoara - Football

Russia

Saudi Arabia

Serbia

Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia



South Africa

Spain

Sweden

Football

Ice hockey

Switzerland

Syria

Turkey

Football

Basketball

Men's basketball

Women's basketball

Volleyball

Men's volleyball

Women's volleyball

Swimming

Rowing

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States

Uruguay

Football

2 - Montevideo Wanderers - Bella Vista 3 - River Plate - Bella Vista

Basketball

  • Superclásico : Aguada - Goes
  • Superclásico : Peñarol - Nacional
  • Palermo zone : Atenas - Welcome
  • Malvín : Club Malvín - Unión Atlética
  • Pocitos : Bohemios - Trouville
  • Villa Dolores : Miramar B.C. vs 25 de Agosto vs Layva
  • Aduana : Waston - Las Bóvedas

American Football

  • Barbarians - Emperadores

Futsal

Rugby

  • Old Christians - Old Boys

Venezuela

Football

Baseball

Basketball

Big Rivalries between:

  • Cocodrilos de Caracas v Trotamundos de Carabobo
  • Cocodrilos de Caracas v Panteras de Miranda (Clásico de la Capital)
  • Marinos de Anzoátegui v Guaiqueríes de Nueva Esparta (Clásico Oriental)

Zimbabwe

External links

Saudi Arabia

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