- For the Croatian double-reed horn, see sopila
(Cопiлка, Сопел) is a name applied to a variety of woodwind instruments
of the flute
family used by Ukrainian folk instrumentalists
most commonly refers to a fife
made of a variety of materials (but traditionally out of wood) and has six to ten finger holes. The term is also used to describe a related set of folk instruments similar to recorder
, incorporating a fipple
and having a constricted end.
Sopilkas are used by a variety of Ukrainian folkloric ensembles recreating the traditional music of the various sub-ethnicities in western Ukraine, most notably that of the Hutsuls of the Carpathian Mountains. Often employing several sopilkas in concert, a skilled performer can mimic a variety of sounds found in nature, including bird-calls and insects.
With the development of the 10 hole fingering instruments Sopilkas became part of the music education system in Ukraine. Pop groups began to use the instrument in their performances. The first was the folk-rock group Kobza
. More recently, the sopilka has found its way into the music of Ruslana
, the Kubasonics
and other contemporary bands which explore Ukrainian themes.
- Dverij, R. - Shkola hry na khromatychnii sopiltsi - Lviv, 2008. - Part 1 - 72 pages, part 2 - 68 pages, part 3 - 64 pages.
- Humeniuk, A. - Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty - Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1967
- Mizynec, V. - Ukrainian Folk Instruments - Melbourne: Bayda books, 1984
- Cherkasky, L. - Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty // Tekhnika, Kyiv, Ukraine, 2003 - 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5