is a historical Swedish province, or landskap, in middle Sweden. It borders Södermanland, Närke, Värmland, Dalarna and Uppland.
The name comes from "West men", referring to the people west of Uppland, the core province of early Sweden.
The traditional provinces of Sweden
serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Västmanland the corresponding administrative county, Västmanland County
, constitutes the eastern part of the province. The western part is in Örebro County
The coat of arms was granted in 1560. At the time it featured one fire mountain, to represent the mine of Sala Municipality
. Soon, their numbers were increased to three, to also symbolize the Lindesberg and Norberg/Skinnskatteberg mines and the present blazon was ratified in 1943. Blazon
: "Argent, in base tripple Mount Azure issuant from each Flames Gules." When crowned with a dukal coronet it represents the province. However rather different in size Västmanland County was granted the same CoA in 1943.
The terrain is to the north and north-west rocky. In these parts the highest mountains are located: Älvhöjden with 422 meters, and Gillersklack with 408 meters.
In the other parts it consists mostly of plains.
The largest lake is Mälaren marking the southern border, Sweden's third largest lake.
Western Västmanland traditionally belonged to the mining district of Bergslagen.
The oldest city of Västmanland is Västerås
, founded sometime around 990. The city was once the provincial capital, and from 1120 the seat of the diocese of Västerås
. Västerås is today also the largest city in the province, with 130,000 inhabitants in the municipality
After that Arboga, was chartered in the 12th century, Köping in 1474, Sala in 1624; Lindesberg and Nora both in 1643, and finally Fagersta in 1944. With city status in Sweden being abolished in 1971, these are solely historical titles.
The mines of Norberg and Skinnskatteberg began being in use in the 14th century. The mine of Lindesberg was being cultivated in the early 16th century.
Dukes of Västmanland
Since 1772, Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. This is solely a nominal title.
is a UNESCO World Heritage site
Västmanland was historically divided into districts. Within Bergslagen
they were called mountain districts (bergslag
), and in the rest of the province hundreds