Mount Smolikas (Greek: Σμόλικας, Aromanian: Smolcu), also with the o accented , at a height of 2,637 metres above sea level, is the second highest mountain in Greece, after Mount Olympus, and the highest of the Pindus Mountains. The mountain is formed in ophiolite rocks. During the Pleistocene the northern and eastern cirques and valleys were glaciated on several occasions. The last glaciers of this area retreated around 11,500 years ago (Hughes et al. 2006).
The GR-20 (Kozani - Siatista - Ioannina) is to the west. Its length is approximately 15 to 20 km from east to west and its width is approximately 10 km from north to south. The Aoos river flows to the southwest.
Forests dominate the low lying areas of the mountain and contains pine and spruce trees, the valley areas, grasslands, bushes and unvegetated portions dominate the higher elevations. The area around the mountain contains villages and forest roads as well as hiking trails. Two roads surround the mountains.
Its panorama includes the Voio mountains to the northeast, the mountains of the northeastern Pindus to the northeast, Lygkos to the southwest, Tymfi to the south, the valley to the southwest and Grammos to the northwest.
Middle Pleistocene Glacier Behaviour in the Mediterranean: Sedimentological Evidence from the Pindus Mountains, Greece
Sep 01, 2006; Abstract: Detailed sedimentological analyses of diamicton sequences in two areas of the Pindus Mountains, Greece, indicate...