This family of ion channels is, for the most part, activated by intracellular Ca2+ and contains 8 members. It should be noted, however, that some of these channels (the KCa4 and KCa5 channels) are responsive instead to intracellular Na+ and Cl-. Furthermore, the KCa1 family is both Ca2+ and voltage activated, further complicating the description of this family. The KCa channel α subunits have six transmembrane segments similar to the KVs, except KCa1, in which the N-terminus makes a seventh pass across the membrane to end up outside the cell. The α subunits make homo- and hetero-tetrameric complexes.