The Slum Rehabilitation Act 1995
was passed by the government of the Indian
to protect the rights of slum
dwellers and promote the development
of slum areas. The Act protected from eviction
anyone who could produce a document proving they lived in the city of Mumbai
before January 1995, regardless if they lived on the pavement or other kinds of municipal land. The ACT was the result of policy development that included grassroots slum dweller organisations, particularly SPARC
Through the Act pavement dwellers were for the first time into the classification of households that are entitled to land for relocation. Following the enactment of this legislation, the government of Maharashtra and the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai set out a special policy for planning the relocation of the 20,000 households, using the information from a census Mahila Milan and NSDF completed in 1995.