Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat), located 18 kilometers (11 miles) southeast of Vienna, is the busiest and biggest airport in Austria. It is often referred to as Schwechat, the name of the nearby town. The airport is capable of handling wide-body aircraft such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A340. The airport is the hub of Austrian Airlines and its subsidiaries, as well as budget airline Niki and Sky Europe.
Originally built as a military airport in 1938
, it was taken over by the British
. In 1954
, the Betriebsgesellschaft
was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern
as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway
, which in 1959
was expanded to measure 3,000 metres. The erection of the new airport building starting in 1960
. In 1972
another runway was built.
The airport received Olympic teams as Austria has twice hosted the Winter Olympics. Pope John Paul II also used the airport during his visits to Austria. On December 27, 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Palestinian terrorists. (See Rome and Vienna Airport Attacks.)
The airport formerly featured a Harrods, but it closed in 2003.
Presently, Vienna International Airport has three terminals.
The Mainterminals 1 and 2 and a provisory terminal
(1A) was built to offer more space for low-cost carriers
. In 2006, the airport started building a new terminal, SKYLINK, which will make the airport more capable of dealing with higher passenger volumes (2007: 18.9 million). This new terminal will also make the airport capable of handling bigger aircraft, such as the Airbus A380
Terminal 1 hosts all Austrian Airlines Group flights, including Star Alliance and Partners. It also hosts Emirates flights.
Terminal 1A hosts Fly Niki, Air Berlin, Germanwings, etc.
Terminal 2 hosts Air France, Iberia, British Airways, Sky Europe, Qatar Airways, etc.
All Terminals are operated by Fraport, Vienna Airport Handling, Swissport and Austrian Airlines.
After comletition of SKYLINK, Austrian Airlines and its Partners will move to the new Terminal.
Vienna International Airport has 20 boarding gates altogether.
Hall A ("Pier East"):
Gates A1-A8 (only Jetbridges), A10-A19 (only Buses), A44-A50 (only Buses)
International Flights(Transit-Zone; Passport-control at entrance/exit of the hall; Gates with Jetbridges and Busgates)
Hall C ("Pier West"):
C51-C62 (only Jetbridges; Gates C55-C61 Transfer Gates), C71-C75 (only Buses)
Europe(Schengen)-Flights, partial International Flights
(Gates with Jetbridges; Several gates are used for Europe(Schengen) -Flights and also for International Flights; For International Flights: Gates are called Transfergates; Passport-control at the respective gates; Passengers from International- to International Flights are going at arrival at one of the C-Gates, in front of the immigration-passport-control, to the transitzone to ground-floor, where they have access to other International Flights from the C-Gates and a shuttlebus-connection to the international hall A; Passengers arriving at the international hall A with an international connection-flight from one of the C-Gates use also the shuttlebus) New Busgates C71 to C75 opened on 02.04.2008, access via Gate C51, only Schengen-Operations
The Vienna S-Bahn
line stops at the airport. The more expensive (City Airport Train
) connects the airport directly to the Wien Mitte
station. There are also many buses from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities.
Because of its constant growth in passenger numbers and freight, Vienna International Airport has decided to enlarge Austria
's biggest airport with several new and respectively adapted buildings.
- New Tower: A new Tower was built. With its 109 meters of height, it allows a free overlook of the entire airport area and it offers another spectacular sight: a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft.
- New Terminal: Due to constant passenger and freight growth, Vienna International Airport has planned to build another Terminal, SKYLINK, which should be able to compensate higher passenger rates. Construction started in 2006 and will last until late 2008. If there is still an enormous amount of passenger growth, the Masterplan 2015 sees an enlargement of SKYLINK.
- Third Runway: Due to higher aviation rates, a third runway will be necessary for the airport. A mediation process was held, and the start of the construction of the third runway will be in 2009.
- Railway station: The underground railway station will be enlarged and a connection to Bratislava will be constructed. Additionally the (City Airport Train), which connects the centre of Vienna with the airport in just 16 minutes, will receive a new underground railway station.
Airlines and destinations
- Adria Airways (Frankfurt, Ljubljana)
- Aeroflot (Moscow-Sheremetyevo)
- Aer Lingus (Dublin)
- airBaltic (Riga)
- airberlin (Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hanover, Münster/Osnabrück, Nürnberg)
- Air France (Paris-Charles de Gaulle)
- Air Malta (Malta)
- Air Moldova (Chiṣinău)
- Air One (Naples, Palermo, Rome-Fiumicino)
- Air Transat (Montréal, Toronto-Pearson)
- Air Via (Bourgas) [seasonal]
- Alitalia (Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino)
- Austrian Airlines (Amman, Amsterdam, Antalya, Astana, Athens, Baia Mare, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing, Beirut, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Bucharest-Otopeni, Cairo, Calvi [seasonal], Chicago-O'Hare [ends 18 October], Copenhagen, Corfu [seasonal], Damascus, Delhi, Dnipropetrovsk, Dubai, Dubrovnik [seasonal], Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Genoa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Jeddah, Kiev-Boryspil, Lamezia[seasonal], Larnaca, Las Palmas, London-Heathrow, Luxor, Mahon [seasonal], Málaga [seasonal], Male [seasonal], Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, New York-JFK, Oslo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Priština, Punta Cana [seasonal], Reykjavik, Rhodes [seasonal], Riyadh, Sarajevo, Sharm El Sheik, Skopje, Sofia, Split [seasonal], Stockholm-Arlanda, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tenerife-South, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Dulles, Yerevan, Zürich)
- Austrian Arrows operated by Tyrolean Airways (Altenrhein, Amsterdam, Ankara, Baia Mare, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Bologna, Bourgas [seasonal], Brussels, Bucharest-Otopeni, Budapest, Chişinău, Cluj, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dnepropetrovsk, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg, Graz, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Iaşi, Innsbruck, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kharkov, Kiev-Boryspil, Klagenfurt, Kosice, Kraków, Krasnodar, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, London-Heathrow, Luxembourg, Lviv, Lyon, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk, Munich, Nice, Nizhniy Novgorod, Nuremberg, Odessa, Podgorica, Prague, Priština, Riga, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Sibiu, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Split [seasonal], St. Petersburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Thessaloniki, Timişoara, Tirana, Tripoli, Varna, Venice, Vilnius, Warsaw, Zagreb, Zürich)
- Austrian Airlines operated by Lauda Air (Almeria, Antalya, Bari, Bodrum, Bol/Brac, Cagliari, Calvi, Catania, Chania, Chios, Dalaman, Djerba, Edninburgh, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Hurghada, Karpathos, Kavalla, Kayseri, Kefallonia, Keflavik/Reykjavik, Korfu, Kos, Lanzarote, Lesbos, Luxor, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Monastir, Mykonos, Naxos, Neapel, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Preveza, Rhodos, Samos, Samsun, Santorin, Shannon, Sharm el Sheik, Skiathos, Teneriffa, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Tunis, Volos, Zakynthos) all Routes are operated as Charter
- British Airways (London-Heathrow)
- Brussels Airlines (Brussels)
- Bulgaria Air (Sofia, Varna)
- Bulgarian Air Charter (Bourgas) [seasonal]
- Carpatair (Timişoara)
- Central Connect Airlines (Ostrava)
- China Airlines (Abu Dhabi, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan)
- Clickair (Barcelona)
- Croatia Airlines (Dubrovnik [seasonal], Split [seasonal], Zagreb)
- Cyprus Airways (Larnaca)
- Dniproavia (Dnipropetrovsk)
- easyJet (London-Luton)
- Emirates (Dubai)
- EgyptAir (Cairo)
- El Al (Tel Aviv)
- Estonian Air (Tallinn)
- EVA Air (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan)
- Finnair (Helsinki)
- flybaboo (Geneva)
- Free Bird Airlines (Antalya) [seasonal]
- Georgian Airways (Tbilisi)
- Germanwings (Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Stuttgart)
- Iberia (Madrid)
- InterSky (Friedrichshafen)
- Iran Air (Tehran-Imam Khomeini)
- Jat Airways (Belgrade)
- Jet Air (Łódź, Bydgoszcz)
- KD Avia (Kaliningrad)
- KLM (Amsterdam)
- Korean Air (Seoul-Incheon)
- LOT Polish Airlines (Warsaw)
- Lufthansa (Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Munich, Stuttgart)
- Luxair (Luxembourg)
- MAT Macedonian Airlines (Ohrid, Skopje)
- Mesopotamia Air (Sulaimaniyah, Frankfurt, Stockholm)
- Montenegro Airlines (Podgorica)
- Niki (Antalya, Arrecife [seasonal], Faro, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura [seasonal], Funchal [seasonal], Graz [seasonal], Heraklion [seasonal], Ibiza [seasonal], Innsbruck [begins October 2008], Korfu [seasonal], Kos [seasonal], Lamezia Terme [seasonal], Linz [seasonal], Luxor [seasonal], Málaga [seasonal], Marsa Alam, Moscow-Domodedovo, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Nürnberg, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rhodes [seasonal], Rome-Fiumicino, Samos [seasonal], Sharm el-Sheikh, Stockholm-Arlanda, Thessaloniki [seasonal], Zakynthos [seasonal], Zürich)
- Olympic Airlines (Athens)
- Onur Air (Istanbul-Atatürk) [seasonal]
- Pegasus Airlines (Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen [seasonal])
- Qatar Airways (Doha)
- Rossiya (St. Petersburg)
- Royal Jordanian (Amman)
- Saudi Arabian Airlines (Jeddah, Munich, Riyadh)
- Scandinavian Airlines System (Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda)
- SkyEurope (Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Bourgas, Brussels, Bucharest-Băneasa, Catania, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Kraków, Larnaca, Lisbon, Milan-Bergamo, Naples, Nice, Olbia, Paris-Orly, Rimini, Sofia, Split, Thessaloniki, Treviso, Varna, Warsaw, Zadar)
- SunExpress (Antalya)
- Syrian Arab Airlines (Aleppo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Damascus)
- Swiss International Air Lines (Zürich)
- TAROM (Bucharest-Otopeni, Cluj-Napoca)
- Transaero Airlines (Moscow-Domodedovo)
- Tunisair (Monastir, Tunis)
- Turkish Airlines (Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir, Samsun-Carsamba)
- Ukraine International (Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa)
Former airlines and destinations
- All Nippon Airways (Tokyo-Narita)
- Air Namibia (Windhoek)
- Austrian Airlines (Almaty, Atlanta, Baghdad, Cape Town, Harare, Johannesburg, Kathmandu, Kuala Lumpur, Manchester, Melbourne (AU), Montreal, Nairobi, Osaka-Kansai, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Singapore, Sydney)
- BA Connect (Manchester)
- Delta Air Lines (Atlanta, Frankfurt, New York-JFK)
- Japan Airlines (Tokyo-Narita)
- Montana Austria
- Singapore Airlines (Singapore , Amsterdam, Toronto-Pearson )
- South African Airways (Johannesburg)
- Malaysia Airlines (Kuala Lumpur, Zagreb)
- TAP Air Portugal (Lisbon)
- Qantas (Sydney)