Simon de Montfort

Simon de Montfort

[mont-fert; Fr. mawn-fawr]
Leicester, Simon de Montfort, earl of: see Montfort, Simon de.
Montfort, Simon de, c.1160-1218, count of Montfort and earl of Leicester. A participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202-4), he did not join in the sack of Constantinople, but instead proceeded to Syria. He later led the crusade against the Albigenses. Capable, ambitious, and fanatically religious, he commanded the Crusaders who remained in S France after the taking (1209) of Carcassone and, with papal approval, was elected viscount of Béziers and of Carcassone by the armies. In 1211 he attacked the remaining territories of Raymond VI of Toulouse and overran all but Toulouse and Montauban. Pope Innocent III attempted to make him recognize Peter II of Aragón as overlord, but in 1213 Simon defeated Peter and Raymond at Muret. He was proclaimed lord of Toulouse and Montauban by the Crusaders (1215), and his title was confirmed by the pope at the Lateran Council. Raymond recaptured (1217) some of his territories, and Simon renewed the warfare; he was killed while besieging Toulouse. Through his mother he claimed the English earldom of Leicester, to which his right was intermittently recognized by King John. His son was Simon de Montfort, the leader of the English barons.

Saint-Simon-de-Bordes is a commune in the canton of Jonzac in the Charente-Maritime department in the Poitou-Charentes region in western France.

Historical population

Year Population Density Percent of the canton
1962 487 - -
1968 503 - -
1975 559 - -
1982 572 - -
1990 648 - -
1999 621 44/km² 6.25%

See also

References

Based on the article in the French Wikipedia.

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