Silvester: see Sylvester.
Gardiner, Silvester or Sylvester, 1708-86, American colonial physician and landowner, b. South Kingstown, R.I. He studied medicine in London and Paris, built up a large practice in Boston, and established a chain of apothecary shops. Gardiner was the chief promoter of the Kennebec Company, which obtained (1753) a large strip of land on either side of the Kennebec River in Maine. He built the towns of Pittston and Gardiner in the development of this holding. Because he was an ardent Loyalist, his land was confiscated at the beginning of the American Revolution, and he fled to Halifax and later (1778) to England. He returned to the United States in 1785 and recovered part of his land in Maine, but his Boston property had been destroyed.

For other uses of similar terms see Sylvester

The term silvester (alternately, but uncommonly sylvester or sylwester) is used in certain countries (such as Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Israel, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Slovenia) for December 31st in the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve. Swedes don't generally refer to the day itself with this name, but traditionally celebrate Silvester on this day as one of its 365 name days, using that spelling as it's the most common spelling of the name in Sweden. The naming refers to Pope Sylvester I, who died on that date in 335.

The introduction of the Gregorian calendar in 1582 moved the last day of the year from December 24th to December 31st which had been named Silvester since 813.

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