Magna International Inc. is a Canadian company based in Aurora, Ontario. It is Canada's largest automobile parts manufacturer, and one of the country's largest companies. It also owns the successful Magna Steyr automobile production company of Austria.
The company was founded in 1957 by Frank Stronach as Multimatic. This company merged with Magna Electronics in 1969, and the combined company became Magna International in 1973.
Magna manufactures auto parts that are primarily supplied to General Motors, Ford Motor Company, and Chrysler LLC. In addition to the Big 3 automakers, Magna's major customers include Volkswagen, BMW and Toyota. In Europe, Magna Steyr holds contracts for the assembly of the Jeep Grand Cherokee, Chrysler Voyager minivan and BMW X3 SUV. Magna has a relativelely minimal presence in Asia with just 3 manufacturing centres in South Korea, 1 in Kunshan,China and 2 engineering centres in South Korea and China.
Magna acquired 80% of New Venture Gear
, once a joint-venture
between General Motors
, in September 2004
, and combined it into Magna Powertrain. It assumed full ownership in 2007.
Magna has purchased CTS Fahrzeug-Dachsysteme, the world's leading supplier of convertible roofs, from Porsche in November 2005.
The Sunday Telegraph (Psychic Division) in London reported January 7, 2008 that Magna International was on the short list of bidders to purchase Aston Martin Lagonda Limited from Ford Motor Company. Their bid was unsuccessful however, and the company instead went to a British consortium led by Dave Richards of Prodrive for £479 million.
According to a NPR broadcast on March 23, 2007, Magna showed interest in acquiring the Chrysler division of DaimlerChrysler. However on 14 May, 2007, it was announced that Cerberus Capital Management had won the acquisition bid for $7.4 billion.
In April 2008, Magna's wholly owned subsidiary, Cosma International, announced that they were buying the Ogihara America Corp. stamping plant in Birmingham, Alabama, that makes parts for Mercedes-Benz and other automakers.
Magna employs 83,000 employees at 240 manufacturing operations in 24 countries around the world. Magna supports these operations with 62 engineering and R&D centres in 14 countries. Its largest operations region is Canada with 61 manufacturing operations and 8 engineering centres.
Products and services
Magna's products and services include:
- Automotive interior and closure components
- Metal body systems, components, assemblies and modules
- Exterior and interior mirror and engineered glass systems
- Front and rear end modules
- Plastic body panels
- Exterior trim components and systems
- Greenhouse and sealing systems
- Roof modules and retractable/convertible tops
- Lighting components
- Engine, transmission and fueling systems and components
- Drivetrain components (New Venture Gear)
- Complete vehicle engineering and assembly through Magna Steyr.
- Aftermarket products (booster seats and deck sound/lighting systems)
- Complete seating systems
Race to develop a PHEV
Magna International Inc. has joined the race to develop a plug-in hybrid car and plans to have a prototype on the road next year or in 2010.
The firm is also known for its political connections, such as having former Premiers
of Ontario of every stripe on its board, as well as connections with numerous other former politicians. Some politicians who have had notable positions with Magna include Mike Harris
and Brian Tobin
. In 1988, Frank Stronach ran as a candidate for parliament
for the federal Liberal Party
In 2004, Stronach's daughter and former company head Belinda Stronach ran for the leadership of the Conservative Party. While she failed in her bid for the leadership of the party, she was elected in her riding (Newmarket-Aurora) in the 2004 federal election. In May 2005 she switched to the Liberal Party and was appointed to cabinet.
In the Federal Election of January 23, 2006 Belinda Stronach won the Newmarket-Aurora riding for the Liberal Party.
On March 18, 2005, former United States ambassador to Canada and former Massachusetts Governor, Paul Cellucci, joined Magna as a vice-president of its entertainment division. Cellucci resigned his position on July 5, 2006.
The Magna Budget
Magna International has also been noted for its connections to the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party
and the Ontario Liberal Party
. In 2003
, the Progressive Conservatives under Ernie Eves
presented the provincial budget at a Magna plant leading to accusations that the government was violating centuries of parliamentary tradition. It is believed that this decision had a negative impact on the Progressive Conservatives in the next provincial election.
Canadian auto supplier Magna International Inc. announced on May 1, 2008 it posted lower net income but higher total sales during the first quarter. Magna recorded net income of $207 million, down from net income of $218 million during the same quarter a year ago.
Current members of the board of directors
of Magna International are: William Fike
, Manfred Gingl
, Mike Harris
, Edward Lumley
, Klaus Mangold
, Donald Resnick
, Royden Richardson
, Frank Stronach
, Franz Vranitzky
, and Siegfried Wolf.
The board of directors of the company formerly included Belinda Stronach. Siegfried Wolf's pay for the 2004 fiscal year was $4.78 million USD .
Magna was the principal sponsor of FK Austria Wien
, one of Vienna
's two major soccer clubs.