Siegen

Siegen

[zee-guhn]
Siegen, Ludwig von, c.1609-1680, German engraver, b. Holland, educated in Germany. He is said to have invented (c.1640) the mezzotint process of engraving. Among his seven known plates are portraits of Amalia Elisabeth of Hesse and of William II, prince of Orange, and his wife, Mary. His new method of engraving, long a secret, was revealed to Prince Rupert of the Palatinate in 1654. Through him it was communicated to the English engravers. A collection of Siegen's work is in the British Museum.
Siegen, city (1994 pop. 111,845), North Rhine-Westphalia, W Germany, on the Sieg River. Iron ore is mined nearby, and the city has iron foundries. Other manufactures include leather goods and machinery. Siegen was the residence of the princes of Nassau-Siegen from 1606 to 1743. The city was severely damaged in World War II. Noteworthy buildings include two castles and the Nikolaikirche, a 13th-century church. Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens was born (1577) in Siegen.
Siegen-Wittgenstein is a Kreis (district) in the southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Olpe, Hochsauerlandkreis, Waldeck-Frankenberg, Marburg-Biedenkopf, Lahn-Dill, Westerwaldkreis, Altenkirchen.

History

In 181617 the two districts of Siegen and Wittgenstein were created as parts of the Prussian province of Westphalia. In 1974 the two districts were merged, and in 1984 the name Siegen-Wittgenstein was adopted.

Geography

Geographically it covers the hills southeast of the Sauerland hills, the Siegerland.

Coat of arms

The two upper sections show, to the right, the arms of the Dukes of Nassau, who founded Siegen, and to the left, those of the Counts of Sayn-Wittgenstein. At the bottom a miner's lamp and a coppicing hook are depicted, in reference to the mining and charcoal-burning history of the district.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bad Berleburg
  2. Bad Laasphe
  3. Freudenberg
  4. Hilchenbach
  5. Kreuztal
  6. Netphen
  7. Siegen

  1. Burbach
  2. Erndtebrück
  3. Neunkirchen (Siegerland)
  4. Wilnsdorf

External links

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