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Siebold, family of German scientists. It includes Karl Kaspar von Siebold, 1736-1807, anatomist and surgeon, who was professor at the Univ. of Würzburg from 1769. He was ennobled in 1801. A son, Adam Elias von Siebold, 1775-1828, was noted as an obstetrician. He taught at the universities of Würzburg (1799-1816) and Berlin (from 1816), where he founded a noted obstetrical clinic. Phillip Franz van Siebold was his son. Eduard Kaspar von Siebold, 1801-61, another son, was also a noted obstetrician. He was professor at the universities of Marburg (1829-33) and Göttingen (from 1833). A third son, Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, 1804-85, also a physician, was one of the foremost biologists of his time. He specialized in the comparative anatomy of invertebrates and wrote the first volume (1846) of Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Anatomie; this volume appeared in English under the title Anatomy of the Invertebrata (1854). Especially noteworthy are his research on intestinal parasites and his work on the classification of invertebrates. He taught from 1853 at the Univ. of Munich.
Siebold, Karl Theodor Ernst von: see under Siebold, family.
Siebold, Philipp Franz van, 1796-1866, German naturalist and physician; son of A. E. von Siebold. He was noted for his studies of the natural history, ethnography, and language of Japan, a country then very little known to Europeans. First there from 1823 to 1830 as a member of a scientific expedition sent by the Dutch East India Company, he served on a second visit (1859-62) as mediator between Japan and the European powers. Chief of his authoritative works is Nippon: Archiv zur Beschreibung von Japan (20 parts, 1832-54; new ed., 5 vol., 1930-31).

See study by L. B. Holthuis and T. Sakai (1970).

von Siebold is a German surname:

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