Sibi District

Sibi District

Sibi (Urdu: سبی ) is a district in the Baluchistan province of Pakistan. The main mountains range are Zen, Bambore and Dungan. The climatic and topography of Sibi District is quite varied compared to other districts of Baluchistan. It is also known as the "Hot spot" of Pakistan where the temperatures in the summer exceed far above normal over 50°C. The district has two sub-divisions, Sibi and Harnai, which are further organized into tehsils and sub-tehsils: Sibi, Harnai, Kutmandi and Sangan.

History

Until the end of the 15th century the district had been a dependency of Multan and had been part of Ghaznavid Empire ruled by petty chief named Nasiruddin Kubacha Around 1500 it was taken by Shah Beg of the Arghun Dynasty and so came under the control of Kandahar. However during the period of Mughal rule the territory was once again ruled from Multan. In 1714 the territory was conquered by the Kalhoras of Sindh, but they were then displaced by the Durranis. During the rule of the Durranis the local governors were generally selected from the Barozai clan of the Panni Afghans. In the 19th century it fell under Marris and Bugtis hand. To finish rebellion in the area, the British signed the Treaty of Gandamak in 1879.

The district of Sibi was established in 1903 during British Rule its area was larger than the current district and lay between 27°55' and 30°38'N and 67°17' and 69°50'E lying south of Loralai District, north of the Upper Sind Frontier District, west of Dera Ghazi Khan District and east of Kachhi, Bolan Pass and Quetta- Pishin. The total area of the district was 11,281 square miles, but this included Marri Bugti county (7,129 square miles) which not directly administered by the British, leaving 4,152 square miles that were directly administered by the British The population according to the 1901 census of India was 74,555 or 18 persons per square mile, the district contained four tehsils these were:

Tahsil Area (sq mi) Population
Kohlu 362 1,743
Sibi 1,343 20,526
Shahrig 1,595 16,573
Naseerabad 852 33,713
Total 4,152 74,555

1n 1974 the district was subdivided to create Naseerabad and Kohlu districts, in 1983 Dera Bugti District, and in 1986 Ziarat District. Until 2000, except for Naseerabad, these new districts were part of Sibi Division of Pakistan. In 2000 the third-tier "divisions" structure of government was dissolved.

Population

In 1901 the total population was 34,974. 90% of the population were Muslims and 10% were Hindus. The major tribes of Sibi are Marri, Bugti, Barozai, Khajjak, Jamot. Today over 99% of its inhabitants are Muslims.

Administration

The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils these are:

See also

References

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