Shintō Musō-ryū Jo Kata

Shintō Musō-ryū Jo Kata

Shintō Musō-ryū Jo Kata

Kata (forms) is an old way of teaching traditional martial arts in Japan. Kata is used in many modern and koryu martial arts as a way of teaching advanced techniques and maneuvers using a series of scripted movements and actions against an opponent. In many of the older koryu martial arts, kata is at the center of what is taught with little or even no sparring as compared to more modern martial arts such as Kendo and/or Judo

The modern Shintō Musō-ryū system holds approximately 64 kata divided into several series. All forms are normally taught in sequence. In some SMR dojos, new students begin their kata training by learning one or more kata from the Seitei Jodo-curriculum due to their relative technical simplicity.

As a comparison, the compact Seitei Jodo created by Shimizu Takaji contains 12 forms. Ten of these kata are drawn from the existing SMR kata with minor modifications, and 2 other kata created specifically for Seitei Jodo. The two specific Seitei jodo are taught in various SMR dojos outside the main series of Kata.

As Shinto Muso-ryu has no current single leader, there exists no consensus on which kata should be taught, and in what order. The kata-series Gohon no midare, for instance, was created by Shimizu Takaji in the late 1930's and is not taught by every Dojo. The list of kata series below is mainly from the Shimizu Takaji-line of Shinto Muso-ryu Jodo.

Omote
is the first earliest series of kata taught to new students. The two Seitei Jodo kata are taught in some dojos before Tachi Otoshi, although not always. Tzuki Zue is also sometimes used as a first kata taught to new students.

  • (1) Tsuki Zue (In some dojos)
  • (2) Suigetsu (In some dojos)
  • (3) Shamen (In some dojos)
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  • 4. - Short sword
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Chudan
is the second earliest series of Jo-kata.

  • 1.
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  • 4. - Two variants
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  • 6. - Two-sword kata
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Ran ai
is the third series of Jo-kata, created in the bakumatsu period (1850-1867)

  • 1. - longsword
  • 2. - shortsword

Kage
is the third earliest series of jo-kata. Holds the same names as the omote series. The variants are variously called zen/go or omote/ura

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  • 10. - Two variants
  • 11. - Two variants
  • 12.

Samidare / Satsuki Ame
The fourth earliest series of jo-kata.

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Gohon no midare
A series of jo-kata created and added to the SMR-system taught by Shimizu Takaji around 1939

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Okuden / Shiaikuchi
'' Fifth earliest series of Jo-kata. Shown in the order taught taught by Shimizu Takaji

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Hiden Gokui
The sixth and last earliest known series of jo-kata, or secret forms, of the SMR system. After the first kata is taught the student receives a Menkyo scroll. When all five kata have been taught the student is issued a full License of Total Transmission Menkyo Kaiden.

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See also

  • Bujutsu/Budo - The "Way of War" or the "Way of the warrior".
  • Daimyo - The aristocratic samurai landowner of feudal Japan. Employed samurai as warriors to expand their domains before and during the Sengoku Jidai period. Lasted until the Meiji restoration and abolishment of the feudal system.
  • Iaido/Iaijutsu - Martial Art - The art of drawing the Japanese sword.
  • Koryu - A term used to describe Japanese martial arts created before the 1868 Meiji restoration. Any art created that was created post-1868, such as Judo, Karate, Aikido, Taido, are considered to be Gendai Budo. Karate, although preceding 1868, does not qualify as koryu due to the fact it did not evolve in Japan but on the Ryukyu Islands (modern Okinawa Prefecture) which did not become a part of Japan until the 17th century.
  • Samurai - The warrior elite of feudal Japan. The Samurai caste was abolished in the Meiji restoration's aftermath.
  • Seitei Jodo - Modern, compact version of SMR with 12 kata taught in the Zen Nihon Kendo Renmei.

Footnotes

  • "Early" in this case refers to the Jo-kata that are present in the Shinto Muso-ryu Densho, (earliest scrolls of transmission with list of kata and lineage). Over time other SMR-jo practitioners have added newer series of Jo-kata such as Gohon-no-midare and Ran ai to the curriculum without adding it to the written densho.

References

External links

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