The architecture of phases A and B (8200-7500 BC, calibrated) is characterised by circular wattle and daub structures, with post holes cut into the bedrock. Some deep pits may have served as wells.
Ca. 300 blades of Anatolian obsidian point to trade connections with the mainland. Sickles are made of multiple parts, and projectile points made of bipolar blades, lacking in the later Khirokitia culture, are common. The site contains wells and cattle enclosures as well. The middle and late phases (7500 BC) conform more closely to the Khirokitia culture with circular stone houses, comparable to those at Kastros. Imported obsidian is rare, and sickles are made from single robust blades.
The site is important because it attests to the presence of cattle in the aceramic Neolithic period. Cattle died out in the course of the 8th millennium and were not reintroduced until the ceramic Neolithic. Only dog and pig bones show morphological signs of domestication (size reduction), sheep, goat and cattle bones are in the size range of the wild species (Mouflon, bezoar goat and wild cattle). The range of bones present point to a killing near the site, thus making a state of pre-domestication probable. Fox and persian fallow deer are present as well, but seem to have been hunted. There are no bones of the Holocene dwarf fauna present in Shillourokambos.
This is also the site where the oldest evidence of the human taming of cats was found. A burial site dated to 7500 BC contains the remains of a human, a cat (Felis silvestris, perhaps subspecies lybica) and a rich variety of offerings.
New volumes on the Vasilikos Valley in Cyprus.(Vasilikos Valley Project 7: Excavations at Kalavasos-Tenta, vol. 2,Vasilikos Valley Project 8: Excavations at Kalavasos--Ayious, Vasilikos Valley Project 9: The Field Survey of the Vasilikos Valley, vol. 1)(Book review)
Sep 01, 2006; IAN A. TODD (ed Vasilikos Valley Project 7: Excavations at Kalavasos--Tenta, Volume II (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology...
Prehistoric Cyprus: longer duree and transformation.(Etudes Chypriotes: Histoire des Campagnes d'Amathonte L L'occupation du sol au Neolithique)(Archaeological Perspectives on the Transmission and Transformation of Culture in the Eastern Mediterranean)(Marki Alonia: An Early and Middle Bronze Age Settlement in Cyprus)(Book review)
Mar 01, 2008; FRANCOIS BRIOIS, CATHERINE PETIT-AUPERT & PIERRE-YVES PECHOUX. Etudes Chypriotes: Histoire des Campagnes d'Amathonte L...