Shenandoah National Park

Shenandoah National Park

Shenandoah National Park, 198,081 acres (80,195 hectares), N Va., extending 80 mi (129 km) along the crest of the Blue Ridge. Authorized in 1926, it was fully established as a national park in 1935. Skyline Drive, a north-south highway, winds for 105 mi (169 km) through the park. The Blue Ridge, Shenandoah valley, Massanutten Mt., and Allegheny Mts. can be viewed from 75 overlooks on the drive. Elevations in the park range from 595 ft (181 m) at Front Royal to 4,049 ft (1,234 m) at the top of Hawksbill Mt. Heavily forested, the park contains a series of ridges and valleys, hollows, small hills, numerous streams, waterfalls, and trout-filled pools. The Appalachian Trail follows the crest. See National Parks and Monuments, table.

National park, Blue Ridge Mountains, northern Virginia, U.S. Formed in 1935, the park consists of 193,537 ac (78,322 ha) and is noted for its scenery, which affords some of the widest views in the eastern states. It is heavily forested with hardwoods and conifers; wildlife includes deer, foxes, and numerous birds.

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This is a list of the amphibians that occur in the Shenandoah National Park in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western Virginia.

  • Abundant refers to species that may be seen daily in its suitable habitat and season, and counted in relatively large numbers.
  • Common denotes species that may be seen daily in its suitable habitat and season, but not in large numbers.
  • Uncommon means a species is likely to be seen only monthly in its appropriate season and habitat, though it may be locally common.
  • Rare refers to a species that is only seen a few times each year.
  • Unknown is used when abundance has not been assessed.

! colspan="4" style="background-color:#efe;font-size:120%;" | Mole Salamanders (Ambystomatidae)
! Common name
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#efe;font-size:120%;" | True Toads (Bufonidae)
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#efe;font-size:120%;" | Tree Frogs (Hylidae)
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#efe;font-size:120%;" | Lungless Salamanders (Plethodontidae)
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#efe;font-size:120%;" | True Frogs (Ranidae)
! colspan="4" style="background-color:#efe;font-size:120%;" | True Salamanders and Newts (Salamandridae)
Genus and Species Abundance Picture
Jefferson Salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum Uncommon
Spotted Salamander Ambystoma maculatum Uncommon
American Toad Bufo americanus Common
Fowler's Toad Bufo fowleri Rare
Northern Cricket Frog Acris crepitans Uncommon
Gray Tree Frog Hyla versicolor Uncommon
Spring Peeper Pseudacris crucifer Uncommon
Upland Chorus Frog Pseudacris triseriata feriarum Uncommon
Dusky Salamander Desmognathus fuscus Abundant
Seal Salamander Desmognathus monticola Common
Northern Two-lined Salamander Eurycea bislineata Abundant
Three-lined Salamander Eurycea longicauda guttolineata Unknown
Longtail Salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda Rare
Spring Salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Uncommon
Four-toed Salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Rare
Red Back Salamander Plethodon cinereus Abundant
White-spotted Slimy Salamander Plethodon cylindraceus Unknown
Shenandoah Salamander Plethodon shenandoah Unknown (Endemic)
Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Uncommon
Green Frog Rana clamitans Common
Pickerel Frog Rana palustris Common
Wood Frog Rana sylvatica Uncommon
Eastern Newt Notophthalmus viridescens Uncommon

References

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