, born in Iran
and educated in Britain
and the US
is a Swiss
national. Before joining the GCSP he taught at the Graduate Institute for International Studies in Geneva (1981-1996).
Shahram Chubin is director of research at the Geneva Centre for Security Studies in Switzerland
. Robert S. Litwak is director of the Division of International Studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C.