Serine-glyoxylate transaminase

Serine-glyoxylate transaminase

In enzymology, a serine-glyoxylate transaminase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

L-serine + glyoxylate rightleftharpoons 3-hydroxypyruvate + glycine

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-serine and glyoxylate, whereas its two products are 3-hydroxypyruvate and glycine.

This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases, specifically the transaminases, which transfer nitrogenous groups. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase. This enzyme participates in glycine, serine and threonine metabolism. It employs one cofactor, pyridoxal phosphate.

References

  • Ireland RJ, Joy KW "Purification and properties of an asparagine aminotransferase from Pisum sativum leaves". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 223 291–6.
  • King J, Waygood ER "Glyoxylate aminotranferases from wheat leaves". Can. J. Biochem. 46 771–9.
  • Smith IK "Purification and characterization of serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase from kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 321 156–64.

External links

The CAS registry number for this enzyme class is .

Gene Ontology (GO) codes

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