The Serbs of Dubrovnik made up 3.25% of the town's population according to the 2001 Croatian population census. Their number before the Croatian War of Independence was higher - in the 1991 census, 4,765 (6.7%) people in Dubrovnik municipality declared as Serbs. Historically, a number of notable Dubrovnik Catholics came to espouse a Serb national ideology and political goals.
Still, the Serbs from Dubrovnik from 2nd half of 20th century were the ones that came from neighbouring Eastern Herzegovina, as well as one that were military personnel of JNA and JRM.
For a short period of time, at the 2nd half of 19th century there was a Serbia-sponsored political movement of "Serb Catholics", that ceased to exist after the financial support from drained, and locals that stood by that policy came to their senses and abandoned the romantical views on Serbs and Serbia. By 1918 and formation of Yugoslavia, that movement ended.
The first victim of the Serb bombing of Dubrovnik was a local Serb, poet Milan Milišić. ICTY indictments have been issued for generals and officers of the Yugoslav People's Army who were involved in the bombing .