Radio Belgrade started broadcasting in 1929, and this is considered the founding moment of the Serbian broadcasting system. The first news announcer in 1929 was Jelena Biblija. After World War II, Radio Television Belgrade (RTB), consisting of Radio Belgrade and Television Belgrade (TVB) was established as a result of the decision by the Executive Council of the Socialist Republic of Serbia on February 13, 1958. This came after the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's government decision of 1956 to invest in a television network.
23 August 1958 was the date of the first televised broadcast. It was the Dnevnik (Journal) news programme. The first people to appear on the new TV station were Miloje Orlović, Branislav Surutka, Olga Nadj, Olivera Živković and Vera Milovanović. The first RTB program was broadcast from Beogradski sajam (Belgrade fair) and from a new TV Studio build there. As of 1961, RTS used the delayed airing equipment (quadruplex VTR). The Sixties saw dramatic development in all genres of TV programs. TVB became famous by its sitcoms (directed and written by Radivoje-Lola Djukić, Novak Novak and others (unfortunately, only a small percentage of this production is preserved, due to implicit censorship and lack of tapes). Also, TVB had excellent documentary program (series Karavan, Reflektor and others) and quizzes. By 1970 the entire territory of Serbia was covered by the RTS signal. On December 31, 1971, TVB started with broadcast in PAL color system on its second network. A new AM broadcast equipment in Zvecka, Obrenovac, with 2000 kW transmitter was erected in 1976.
After the political turmoil in seventies (against the "liberals") the program of RTB became more sterile, however, in eighties it reached the zenith.
On April 23, 1999, the NATO airforce killed sixteen people, mostly technical staff, when they bombed the RTS headquarters in downtown Belgrade. In 2002, Dragoljub Milanović, the general manager of RTS, was sentenced to 10 years in prison because he ordered the workers to stay in the building despite the knowledge that the building would probably be bombed.
On October 5, 2000, the same RTS building was demolished and partly burned during the riots against Slobodan Milošević. After October 5, 2000, RTS was sometimes called Nova RTS (New RTS) to symbolize the liberation from the control of the Slobodan Milošević regime.
RTS was the host broadcaster of the semi-final and finals of the Eurovision Song Contest 2008. Serbia gained the rights to host the contest after Marija Šerifović's 2007 victory in Helsinki, Finland. The Eurovision Song Contest 2008 was held in Belgrade. RTS broadcast the event as usual (since 2004) on RTS1. The host couple were Jovana Janković and Željko Joksimović. The rating of the final of Eurovision was overwhelming with 4,560,000 people tuning in to watch making it the most watched event on Serbian television as well as on RTS.
The system is officially divided into the Vojvodina and Serbia public broadcasting systems as of May 2006. This is to mark a transition from a state-owned to a public broadcaster. This bears legal and practical connotation, in terms of control and financing. RTS now consists of two channels instead of three. These changes were imposed on May 5, 2006 when RTS was divided in two parts: JSS (Public Service of Serbia) and JSV (Public Service of Vojvodina).
Televizija Beograd, a part of RTS with headquarters in Belgrade have several TV studios: in addition to two largest studios on Kosutnjak (studio VIII and IX), there is also TV studio (Studio IV) on Belgrade Fair, historically the first TV studio in Serbia, and several studios in Aberdareva St. (some of these studio have been destroyed during NATO attack).
Televizija Beograd has large archives of TV programs. In addition to 5000+ old VTR quadruplex tapes, the archive contains tapes in VTR-C (helicoidal), umatic, beta-SP and digital formats. Also, the archive contains extensive collection of newsreels, short filmed stories, and feature films on 16mm and 35mm tapes. This archive required urgent protection, since tapes are not kept in proper conditions, and since Televizija Beograd does not have proper equipment to transfer the programs to newer media (the situation is especially critical for quadruplex and film archive).
A part of Televizija Beograd is also PGP-RTS, production of gramophone records (now produces CDs, VHS tapes and DVDs). PGP-RTS started with production in 1958 under the name PGP-RTB, with the LP record of Đorđe Marjanović, and used to be one of two largest record labels in former Yugoslavia.
In early 2006 RTS decided to shut down one of its television channels. It was 3K (Treći kanal RTS-a), which was a music and sports channel.
In 2007 BBC World Service Trust launched an extensive training programme at Serbia's national broadcaster. This 30-month project, which is funded by the European Union, is providing extensive journalism, craft and management training to all levels of staff at the national broadcaster.
RTS has also already bought rights to broadcast the following events in 2008.
|Event name||Date||RTS channel|
|2008 Australian Open||14 - 27 January||RTS2|
|80th Academy Awards||25 February||RTS1|
|Beovizija 2008||09 - 10 March||RTS1|
|Eurovision Song Contest 2008||20, 22, 24 May||RTS1|
|2008 French Open||25 May - 8 June||RTS2|
|UEFA Euro 2008||7 - 29 June||RTS1 and RTS2|
|2008 Wimbledon Championships||23 June - 6 July||RTS2|
|2008 Men's European Water Polo Championship||4 July - 13 July||RTS2|
|2008 Summer Olympics||8 - 24 August||RTS1 and RTS2|
|2008 U.S. Open (tennis)||25 August - 8 September||RTS1 and RTS2 (only matches with Serbian players)|
|33rd annual Joy of Europe Festival||5 October||RTS1|
|Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2008||22 November||RTS1|
RTS has also bought the rights to broadcast the 2009 Summer Universiade games to be held in Belgrade from July 1 - 12, 2009.
RTS has the most watched news and current affairs programmes, according to the 2007 AGB Nilsen Serbian ratings. RTS has many news and current affairs shows. Its most watched news bulletin Dnevnik 2 airs on RTS nightly at 19.30 and is the most watched news bulletin in Serbia since 2003. Although RTS is facing increased competition from a private television network B92, it has managed to beat RTV Pink's news bulletin which airs at the same time as Dnevnik. Dnevnik has recovered its reputation after the Slobodan Milošević era. It now averages 1.500.000 - 2.000.000 viewers nightly. RTS also has a range of other news and current affair shows.
On August 23, 2008 the 50th anniversary of Dnevnik (the RTS news bulletin) was celebrated. A special edition of the 19.30 Dvenik was aired with Mića Orlović, the first newsreader to host the news in Serbia, hosted the special addition helped by Dušanka Kalanj, the first female newsreader in Serbia. The theme of the evening's news included a reflection on the past 50 years a projection of the future as well as the news of the day. The weather was read out by Zaharije Trnavčević, the first weather anchor. All babies born on August 23, 2008 received a flat screen television set from RTS.
The following are news and current affairs aired on RTS (as of September 2008):
The following is a list of entertainment programmes produced by RTS and aired by RTS (as of September 2008):
RTS also relies on dramas and soaps produced outside of Serbia as well as documentary programmes.
The following is a list of internationally created shows broadcast by RTS (correct as of September 2008):
|Original name||Serbian translation||Channel||Origin|
|CSI: Crime Scene Investigation||Mesto zločina||RTS1|
|Wild Palms||Divlje palme||RTS1|
(commencing November 2008)
|Prison Break||Bekstvo iz zatvora||RTS1 |
(commencing January 2009)
|Desperate Housewives||Očajne domaćice||RTS2|
|The Adventures of Blinky Bill||Avanture Blinkija Bila||RTS2|
|Hotel Babylon||Hotel Babilon||RTS1|
|Dr Otter||Doktor Vidra||RTS2|
|My name is Earl||Zovem se Erl||RTS2|
|Power Rangers||Moćni rendžeri||RTS2|
|Maya the Bee||Pčelica Maja||RTS2|
|Marvi Hämmer||Marvi Hamer||RTS2|
RTS enjoys high ratings on many of its shows which often beat the other two most popular television networks in Serbia RTV Pink and B92. After years of stagnation at the beginning of the 21st century in the ratings, the end of 2007 saw a revival. In 2008, RTS established itself as the most watched network in Serbia.
The following table shows the most popular RTS programmes broadcast in 2008 thus far:
|Programme||Rating (%)||Network||Air date|
|2008 Eurovision Song Contest (final)||31.5||RTS 1||May 24|
|Presidential debate: Boris Tadić – Tomislav Nikolić||31.4||RTS 1||January 30|
|Selo gori, a baba se češlja (local show)||31.0||RTS 1||January 13|
|Selo gori, a baba se češlja (local show)||28.9||RTS 1||April 12|
|Selo gori, a baba se češlja (local show)||28.5||RTS 1||March 29|
|Bela lađa season 2 (local show)||26.7||RTS 1||February 24|
|Selo gori, a baba se češlja (local show)||26.4||RTS 1||May 3|
|Dnevnik 2 (news)||26.3||RTS 1||February 3|
|Dnevnik 2 (news)||25.4||RTS 1||March 9|
|Bela lađa season 2 (local show)||25.3||RTS 1||March 9|
* All ratings listed above our based on AGB Nielsen Media Research. All ratings are based upon viewer ratings in Serbia excluding the region of Kosovo.
2007-present: Radio Televizija Srbije, vaše pravo da znate sve. (Radio Television Serbia, your right to know everything.)
2005-present: Javni medijski servis evropske Srbije. (The public broadcaster of a European Serbia.)
2000-2001: Nova Radio Televizija Srbije. (New Radio Television of Serbia)
|Dušan Popović||1959 - 1962|
|Zdravko Vuković||1962 - 1972|
|Milan Vukos||1972 - 1985|
|Ratomir Vico||1985 - 1988|
|Dušan Mitević||1989 - 1991|
|Ratomir Vico||1991 - 1991|
|Dobrosav Bjeletić||1992 - 1992|
|Milorad Vučelić||1992 - 1995|
|Dragoljub Milanović||September 1995 - October 2000|
|Nenad Ristić||October 2000 - 2001|
|Aleksandar Crkvenjakov||2001 - March 2004|
|Aleksandar Tijanić||March 2004 - present|
TRANSCRIPT OF RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER SERGEY LAVROV'S ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS DURING HIS PARTICIPATION IN THE OKO PROGRAM OF SERBIAN TELEVISION, BELGRADE, APRIL 19, 2011.
Apr 20, 2011; MOSCOW, Russia -- The following information was released by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation: Welcome to...