The community of San Antonio Senahú was founded by Q'eqchi' Mayan refugees from a series of 19th century conflicts in the Ishi Mountains of Central Guatemala. By the mid 1870s, it had become a center of German settlement in Guatemala and a major source of coffee for the European market.
The regions wealth is still formed by big coffee farms and other agriculturist products. In the natural resources it can be found the river of the farm "Trece Aguas", the waterfalls Sereizi and a viewpoint in the general cemetery. Other famous places are the ruins of Chijolom and La Providencia. The crafts elaborated in this region are weaves, ceramics, basketwork, rigs, musical instruments, masks, bed rolls of palm, chandler's shop, objects of "tule" and fireworks.
The approximated extension for this municipality is of 336 km², with a total population of 28,550 inhabitants (1981 census). It's neighbours are, at the north boundaries Cahabón and Lanquín (Alta Verapaz), south with Panzos and Tucurú, east with El Estor (Izabal), west with Tucurú and San Pedró Carcha (Alta Verapaz). The municipality is formed by 1 town and 41 communities.