Semmering is a town in the district of Neunkirchen in the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It is famous for its skiing, and has hosted the Alpine skiing World Cup several times. When the famous Semmering Railway was completed in 1854, it brought many tourists from Vienna to here. Today, there are less, but more than 100,000 overnight stays are recorded each year. As of 2001, the town has a permanent population of 610.