Definitions

Section (category theory)

Section (category theory)

In category theory, a branch of mathematics, a section is a right inverse of a morphism. Dually, a retraction is a left inverse. In other words, if fcolon Xto Y and gcolon Yto X are morphisms whose composition fgcolon Yto Y is the identity morphism on Y, then g is a section of f, and f is a retraction of g.

The categorical concept of a section is important in homological algebra, and is also closely related to the notion of a section of a fiber bundle in topology: in the latter case, a section of a fiber bundle is a section of the bundle projection map of the fiber bundle.

Every section is a monomorphism, and every retraction is an epimorphism; they are called respectively a split monomorphism and a split epimorphism (the inverse is the splitting).

Examples

Given a quotient space bar X with quotient map picolon X to bar X, a section of pi is called a transversal.

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