Scugog is a township in the Regional Municipality of Durham, south-central Ontario, Canada. Scugog Township was also an historic municipality and geographic township prior to the amalgamation that formed the current municipality.
According to Alan Rayburn's Place Names of Ontario, the name Scugog is derived from the Mississauga word sigaog, which means "waves leap over a canoe." This refers to the creation of Lake Scugog. Other sources indicate that it is a native word meaning swampy or marshy land.
The creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham in 1974 resulted in municipal restructuring of the various townships in Ontario County. The current Township of Scugog was created through the amalgamation of the original Township of Scugog, the Township of Reach, the Township of Cartwright and the Village of Port Perry.
The largest private-sector employer in the area is the Great Blue Heron Casino, located on the Scugog First Nation on Scugog Island. Schneider Meats also has a facility in the Township. The Township is also a popular tourist destination due to the casino and recreational opportunities from Lake Scugog. Many residents also commute to other Durham Region communities and further afield.