The Science of God is a book by Alister McGrath summarising his three-volume A Scientific Theology.
In this section McGrath suggests inter alia
that "one approach to the failure of the Enlightenment
is to argue for a communitarian approach to knowledge but "there are a number of difficulties with this approach." He discusses George Lindbeck
's coherentist approach as "inadequate" and needing to be supplemented. He criticises the (naive) foundationalism of Descartes
, suggesting that this "has now been rejected by virtually every major epistemologist and philosopher of science ... the belief that foundationalism is philosophically indefensible is the closest thing to a philosophical consensus that there has heen for a long time". He commends the work of Alasdair MacIntyre
and suggests that Roger Penrose
in Shadows of the Mind
"argued that the most satisfactory explanation of the beauty and structure of mathematics is that they were somehow given by God". He thinks John Milbank
is unquestionably right ... to affirm the importance of the Christian tradition in the theological enterprise" whilst suggesting that Milbank, mistakenly, refuses to engage with other traditions, tends to marginalise the role of scripture, and objects strongly to dialogue between traditions.
In Chapter 9 "The Foundations of realism in the Natural Sciences" he commends Polkinghorne's critical realist approach, as against idealism, positivism, instrumentalism and post-modernism, and in Ch 10 "Critical Realism: engaging with a stratified reality" he specifically commends and explores the critical realism of Roy Bhaskar, continuing to cite Polkinghorne. He especially likes the concept of "stratified reality ... the word must be regarded as differentiated and stratified. Each individual science deals with a different stratum of this reality". In Ch 11 sketches "The Contours of a Scientific Theology" which he says:
- takes the form of a coherent response to an existing reality
- is an a posteriori discipline
- takes account of the unique character of its object
- offers an explanation of reality
McGrath suggests that "theories, whether scientific or theological ... are constructed in response to an encounter with existing reality".
In "Chapter 12: The Legitimacy of Theory within a Scientific Theology", he suggests that "the driving force behind theory is ...an intellectual curiosity ... the relentless human yearning to see the 'big picture'". He cites Irenaeus, Heidegger and Habermas and Wlad Godzich and suggests that there is a progression:
- observation -> theory -> worldview
He prefers to use the term "doctrine" as "a theory which is the accepted teaching of the Church".
Reviews and comments
In this unusual book, based on his more academic trilogy A Scientific Theology
, the author discusses in some detail how systematic theology
should be conducted in the light of an understanding of the natural sciences
. While "resolutely evangelical in orientation", his approach has been commended by a variety of both Protestant
and Roman Catholic
- Paperback: 256 pages
- Publisher: Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd. (29 April 2004)
- Language: English
- ISBN-13: 978-0567083531
Notes and References