Gulf of the Aegean Sea, southeastern coast of Greece. Some 50 mi (80 km) long and 30 mi (50 km) wide, it separates Attica and the Peloponnese and is linked to the Gulf of Corinth by the Corinth Canal. It was the site of a major Athenian victory over the Persians in 480 BC (see Battle of Salamis). Its ports include Piraeus and Mégara.
Learn more about Saronic Gulf with a free trial on Britannica.com.
The volcanoes of Methana is to the southwest along with Kromyonia at the Isthmus of Corinth, Aegina and Poros. Methana is also the youngest, active volcano center and the northwestern end of the cycladic arch of active volcanoes like Milos island, Santorini island and Nisyros island. The last eruption took place in a submarine volcano north of Methana in the 17th century.
The gulf has refineries around the northern part of the gulf including east of Corinth and west of Agioi Theodoroi, Eleusis, Aspropyrgos, Skaramangas and Keratsini, mainly in the northern part and the most refineries around gulfs in Greece and production. The ships cross these routes. The total production are one of the highest in Greece. Most of the oils are mainly exported. The route cross the strait between Salamis and Perama. These refineries are Athens' main oil production and the rest of Greece.
The origin of the name comes from the mythological king Saron who drowned at the Psifaei lake (modern Psifta). The Saronic Gulf was a string of six entrances to the Underworld, each guarded by a chthonic enemy in the shapes of thieves and bandits.
The Battle of Salamis changed the development of Europe until today.
Fault lines dominate especially in the northwestern part.
An earthquake on Monday January 4, 2005 rumbled the Saronic at the Richter scale of 4.9. The epicentre was at ?. It tremored Aegina and Nafplio and went as far as Kalamata. It occurred at 16:00 (UTC), 18:00 local time (BNST).
The port of Cenchreae used to situate here.