Hazrat Alaudin Ali Ahmad As-Sabir (RA) was an Islamic Sufi. He was in the Chisti Silsila of Khawaja Gharib Nawaz Ajmeri. He was a Sufi of Great Stature and is revered by both Hindus and Muslims. The place where he is taking rest is Kaliyar, in Roorkee town of Uttarakhand India .
The son of Ghous Pak, Hazrat Saif-ud-din Abdul Wahab (R.A.), was born on the 17th Shahban 512 Hijri in between the two evening prayers Maghrib and Isha. In eleven years he acquired and completed all the worldly and spiritual knowledge from Ghous Pak and started teaching himself later. His followers are also called Chishti.
His Urs is celebrated by millions of people every year in Kaliyar.
His name “Ali Ahmed” was selected in accordance with the prediction of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him), Hazrat Ali Haider-e-Karar (Razi Allah Tahala An`ho) and Hazrat Khizar (Aliah Salam). His father died after few years of his birth. Then Hazrat Sabir's (RA) mother carried him to her brother, Baba Fareed (Rehmatullah Aliah), in Pak Pattan Sharif. There he pledged discipleship on the hands of Baba Fareed (Rehmatullah Aliah).
The father of Hazrat Makhdum Ala uddin Ali Ahmed Sabir Kalyari (Rehmatullah Alia) was Hazrat Abdul Raheem Abdul Salam Shah (Rehmatullah Aliah) and the grandfather was Syed Abdul Wahab (Rehmatullah Aliah). Syed Abdul Wahab (Rehmatullah Aliah) was the son of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jillani Meboob-e-Subhani Hasni-o-Hussaini (Rehmatullah Aliah).
Hazrat Makhdum Sabir Pak (Rehmatullah Aliah) was the nephew, disciple (mureed), son-in-law and successor (Khalifa) of Hazrat Baba Fareed-ud-Din Masood Ganje Shakar (Rehmatullah Aliah). The paternal genealogy of Hazrat Baba Fareed (Rehmatullah Aliah) belongs to Hazrat Umer Farooq (Razi Allah Tahala An`ho).
The Silsila Chishtia Sabria: The Chishti Sabri Order
The order (silsila-e-wala`et) started from Hazrat Ali Haider-e-Karar (Razi Allah Tahala An’ho) and then this spiritual order continued through Khawaja Hasan Basri (Rehmatullah Aliah). This spiritual order further came to Chisht (name of a town) through successors of Khawaja Hasan Basri (Rehmatullah Aliah). Khawaja Abu Ishaq Shami Chishti (Rehmatullah Aliah) was one of the saints of this order and also head of the Chishti Order. He was also called “Sar-e-Chishtian”. Khawaja Abu Ishaq Shami Chishti (Rehmatullah Aliah) belonged to a town “Chisht” and called Chishti because of it.
After many stages and through famous saints this Chsihti Order reached a great saint Khawaja Moeen-ud-Din Hasan Chishti Ajmeri (Rehmatullah Aliah) and his successors Khawaja Qutab-ud-Din Bukhtiar Kaki Aoshi (Rehmatullah Aliah) and Baba Fareed uddin Masood Ganje Shakar (Rehmatullah Aliah) of Pak Pattan Sharif.
There are many successors of Baba Fareed-ud-Din Masood Ganje Shakar (Rehmatullah Aliah) and it is impossible to count them. But the “Qutabs” (religious mendicants) of Baba Fareed Ganje Shakar (Rehmatullah Aliah) are twenty-two (22). The most famous religious and spiritual Qutabs are Sultan-ul-Aolia Khatum-ul-Arwah Syed Makhdum Ala-ud-Din Ali Ahmed Sabir Kalyari (Rehmatullah Aliah) and Mehboob-e-Elahi Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Aolia (Rehmatullah Aliah).
The successors and followers of Khawaja Nizam-ud-Din Aolia (Rehmatullah Alliah) are called “Chishti Nizami”. The successors and followers of Makhdum Ala-ud-Din Ali Ahmed Sabir (Rehmatullah Aliah) are called “Chishti Sabri”.
His becoming Sabir
Baba Fareed (R.A) entrusted him the duty of distribution of food (Langar). He (R.A) accepted this duty happily and in between engaged himself in prayers. He (R.A.) dispensed with his duties well and also attended the discourse of Baba Freed Ganje Shakar (R.A). He (R.A.) did not partake a single morsel from food (Langer), kept fasts and went to the jungle and ate wild berries and leaves. He (R.A.) did his duties for 12 years. He (R.A.) prayed continuously and his abstentions were never disrupted. Frequent and continuous fasting and eating leaves and wild food made him weak. When his mother came back again and saw him, she complained to his brother (Baba Fareed) of his weakness. Baba Freed (R.A.) called upon him and asked the reason. Sabir Pak (R.A.) replied “You ordered me to distribute the food and not to partake from it”. Baba Fareed (R.A.) embraced him happily and remarked “He is SABIR (Patient)”. From that day forth He became famous with the name of “SABIR”.
His spiritual education
He spent many years of his life with Baba Fareed (R.A.) and got religious and spiritual aspiration from Baba Fareed (R.A.). Then Baba Fareed Masood Ganje Shakar (R.A.) appointed him Khalifa (Successor) and sent him to Kalyar (an Indian city situated in the province of Anchal Pardesh). At that time the king was Ala-ud-Din Khilji. His person was the source of many miracles. His tomb is also known as “Piran-e-Kalyar Sharif” stands at Kalyar besides the Ganges River and seven kilometers from “Rorki”. His shrine is the central spiritual point and source of blessings for saints, successors, followers and people of all over the world. This order is known as “CHISHTI SABRI ORDER” by his reference and relation.
His successors include Khawaja Shams-ud-Din Turk Pani Patti (R.A), Shah Abdul Qudoos Gangohi (R.A), Hazrat Shah Jalal-ud-Din (R.A.), Hazrat Noor-ul-Haq Ahmed Abdul Haq (R.A.), Hazrat Shah Mohammad Arif (R.A.), Mustafa Ahmed Abdul Haq (R.A.), Hazrat Khawaja Qmar-ud-Din (R.A.), Syed Ahmed Shah (R.A.) and Hazrat Abu Anees Muhammad Barkat Ali (qs).
However, only Hazrat Khawaja Shams-Ud-Din Turk Pani Pati (RA) was made Khalifa (successor) in his lifetime. He used to ask Hazrat Sabri Sarkar (R A) the difference between Fanaa (End of Life) and Baqaa (Existance). Hazrat Sahib(R.A) told him that when he will perform his first Karamat that day I will die. He also advised Khawaja Sahib that when he dies, there will be a person who will offer my last prayers and no one should ask him where he came from. Hazrat Khawaja Shams Ud Din (RA) heard the sad news of Hazrat Sahib death and rushed to his funeral. When he was there a person on a horse came and offered His last prayers; Hazrat Khawaja insisted to see who this person was and He took off his veil and there was Hazrat Sahib (R A) himself .He smiled and said to Hazrat Khawaja that I am Baqqa and my body is Faana.
Followings of Silsila
Sabri Order and its blessings reached to Hazrat Pir Saidan Shah Sabri (Rehmatullah Aliah) of Kalas Sharif near Malikwal, District Sargodha (Pakistan) through Syed Mardan Ali Shah Chishti Sabri (Rehmatullah Aliah), who was a successor of Syed Ahmed Shah (Rehmatullah Aliah). Darbar Sabri Kalas Sharif is spreading the blessings and spirituality of Chishti Sabri Order to its followers and people. Pir Saidan Shah Sabri (Rehmatullah Aliah) and his son Pir Gulzar Hussain Shah Sabri (Rehmatullah Aliah) continued the mission of Hazrat Makhdum Sabir Pak (Rehmatullah Aliah). They spent their whole life to complete this mission. The present Pir Shamim Sabir Sabri (Saint of Darbar Sabri Kalas Sharif), the son of Pir Gulzar Hussain Shah Sabri (Rehmatullah Aliah) is spreading the spiritual graces of the Chishti Sabri Order to the lovers of Makhdum Sabir Pak (Rehmatullah Aliah). In fact “Kalas Sharif” is attached directly to “Kalyar Sharif” and is a sacred place for the grace and blessings of Makhdum Sabir Pak (Rehmatullah Aliah).
In Pakistan and throughout the world, the Sabri silsilah is also being spread through Hazrat Abu Anees Muhammad Barkat Ali (QSA), rector of Darulehsan, Faisalabad. He has had a complete biography of Hazrat Sabir (RA) (whom he calls his 'spiritual guide') written by one of his mureeds (namely Haji Muhammad Bashir Ambalvi) which is available in both Urdu and English:
(Urdu) Tadhkira Anwar-i-Sabiri (RA)
(English) Tadhkira Anwar-i-Sabiri (RA)
The Chishti Sabri Order is widespread in many cities of Pakistan, India, Turkey including Bangal, Punjab, Behar, Araisa & and many other countries of Asia, Africa and Europe.
Every Urs is celebrated with a lot of fanfare in the month of May-June in Kaliyar Sharif. After a glimpse of the moon of Rabi-ul-awwal, the head priest goes to his old house (in Kaliyar village). Inside the room, he reads the Khatam Sharif and walks out with a plate on his head. The plate has mehndi and dori in it. Next he goes to the dargah and reads the Fatiha. After this the dori is distributed to everyone. Mushaira and Qawwali take place at the dargah and the mood is festive