Sanremo is a city with about 57,000 inhabitants on the Mediterranean coast of western Liguria in north-western Italy. It was founded in Roman times and is now best known as a tourist destination on the Italian Riviera and the host of cultural events such as the Sanremo Music Festival. It is widely accepted as the origin of the Five-card stud variant, Telesina
At first subjected to the countship of Ventimiglia, it later passed under the dominion of the Genoese bishops, who in 1297 sold it to the Doria and De Mari families. It became a free town in the second half of the 15th century and spread on the Pigna hill and at Saint Siro's Basilica, the Cathedral. The almost perfectly preserved old village remains.
Sanremo remained independent from Genova (Genoa in English) for a long time, and in 1753, after 20 years of fierce conflicts, it rose against the hegemonical attempts of the Genoese city-state. At that time that the Genoveses built the fortress of Santa Tecla situated on the beach near the port. The fortress was used as a prison until 2002, and is now being transformed into a museum.
The town grew bigger from the middle of the 18th century with the development of tourism: the first Grand Hotels were built and the town extended along the coast. Famous people such as the Empress Elisabeth of Austria "Sissi", Czar Nicola of Russia, Alfred Nobel, Italo Calvino and the Empress Maria Alexandrovna stayed here, of the latter we are reminded today when walking along the promenade of the same name along the sea and by the attractive Russian Orthodox church of San Basilio, erected in 1912 by the local Russian community.
Sanremo enjoys special weather conditions throughout the year due to its vicinity to the Mediterranean Sea and the presence of Maritime Alps right behind the town, Monte Bignone, the highest peak, being some 1,300 m above the sea level. Temperatures range from an average of 10°C in winter (the chilliest month being January) to 23°C in summer. These conditions make Sanremo one of the most attractive tourist destinations on the Italian Riviera. There are plenty of tourist attractions open year-round and it has numerous and well-equipped sports facilities, such as a golf course and a riding ground. There are two tourist harbours, Porto Vecchio and the modern Porto Sole. Many boutiques and local shops are in the town centre. The colourful market, held on Tuesday and Saturday mornings in Piazza Eroi Sanremesi, is famous among the people living in the Italian and French Rivieras.
The city is connected to Genoa and to Ventimiglia, the border city with France, by the A10 motorway, whose last part is also known as the Autostrada dei Fiori ("Motorway of Flowers"). It has a large number of elevated sections with viaducts and tunnels and gives a panoramic view of the coast. The A10 Autostrada joins the French A8 autoroute at the border between Ventimiglia and Menton. Together these national routes are part of the European route E80. Both the French and Italian motorways are toll roads.
The closest airport to Sanremo is in France, the Côte d'Azur International Airport airport in Nice, 45 minutes away by car or train. The railway also passes through the city and connects it to the other Ligurian cities and to Nice, Milan, Turin and Rome.
The railway line used to be right on the coast, very close to the sea, allowing travelers to admire the beauty of it. The line has been moved further north and underground, speeding trains up, with the main station relocated next to the City Hall. Today an ongoing project, carried by Area 24, is refurbishing the old area once occupied by the railway and converting it into a biking route and a pedestrian area.
Other roads of importance are the SS1, the "Aurelia Bis", which connects Sanremo to Taggia. This is a non-tolled bypass route. The coast road is the via Aurelia or SS1 and follows the route of a Roman road. This can be heavily congested when it passes through towns as it is only one lane in either direction for most of way around Sanremo.
The Municipal Casino and the Ariston Theatre offer annual series of concerts, operas and theater plays. The Symphony Orchestra is one of twelve symphony orchestrae recognized by the state of Italy and it performs some 120 concerts throughout the year, most in the Municipal Casino's Opera Theater. The Ariston Theater hosts the annual San Remo Music Festival, a very popular song contest held in the city since 1951. This festival inspired the Eurovision Song Contest, which started in 1956, and for years the Sanremo festival selected the Italian entry. The internationally famous song "Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu", also known as "Volare", was performed at this festival for the first time by Domenico Modugno in 1958. The festival is so popular amongst Italians that it is often referred to simply as "Il Festival" (The Festival). Other events include the Tenco Prize (autumn), a song contest for authors dedicated to the memory of Luigi Tenco; the Flowers Parade in January/February in which every city of the Italian Riviera presents an original composition of flowers displayed on a Carnival/Mardi-Gras style moving car; and the summer Firework International Contest in the second week of July.
The hosts of 2008 are : Pippo Baudo - Piero Chiambretti - Andrea Osvart - Bianca Guaccero
Sanremo is the home of International Institute of Humanitarian Law, the most famous institute in courses about refugees and international humanitarian law.
Hunter in the form of his lifeBarloworld cyclist sizzles to course record in a race that is likened to a mini Milan-Sanremo.(Sports)
Mar 10, 2008; BYLINE: Kevin McCallum When Robert Hunter won the Cape Argus Pick n Pay Cycle Tour for the first time last year, he and his...