SMF runs the Swatcha Ganga (Clean Ganges) program, and so SMF is sometimes referred to as "Swatcha Ganga".
|Location / Parameters||Biochemical Oxygen Demand (mg/l)||Fecal Coliform Count / 100ml|
|At beginning of the Varanasi City ... Near Assi/Tulsi ghat||3-8 mg/l||20,000 - 100,000 per 100ml|
|Downstream of the Varanasi City ... Varuna confluence with Ganga||20-50 mg/l||1,000,000-2,000,000 per 100ml|
|Permissible limits for bathing||Less than 3mg/l||Less than 500 per 100ml|
Note: The higher the Biochemical Oxygen Demand, the higher the pollution (conversely there is more dissolved oxygen needed to make the water safe).
Each AIWPS facility designs and incorporates a series of low-cost ponds or earthwork reactors. A typical AIWPS facility consists of a minimum of four ponds in series. These are Advanced Facultative Ponds (AFP), Secondary Facultative Ponds or Algal High Rate Ponds (HRP), Algae Settling Ponds (ASP), Maturation Ponds. These systems would store sewage for 45 days, using bacteria and algae to eliminate waste and purify the water.
This is a low cost, highly efficient and effective mode of treating sewage, with nearly no power requirement, and it is well suited for a tropical location like the Gangetic Plains. Sankat Mochan Foundation, working alongside Oswald Green LLC, had proposed this system for treating the sewage water that is being let in to Ganga near Varanasi. Though this solution was unanimously accepted by Varanasi Nagar Nigam (Varanasi Local Government Body, Municipal Corporation), based on the facts that this solution is more economical, superior in technology and requires very little maintenance, it has been stalled by the apathy and indifference shown by the central and state government bureaucracy.
|1982||SMF founded by a group of citizens and engineers of Varanasi, led by Prof. Veer Bhadra Mishra|
|1983||SMF launches the Swatcha Ganga (Clean Ganges) Campaign, a public education program for raising the awareness about the pollution of Ganga|
|1986||Ganga Action Plan (GAP) launched by the Government. Varanasi GAP Phase I includes construction of three sewage treatment plants, pumping stations, and electric crematorium at Varanasi. But GAP was a complete failure due to high levels of corruption and poor design strategy|
|1992||SMF and Friends of the Ganges (FOG) USA organize an International Conference on "Pollution Control in River Cities of India: A case study of Ganga at Varanasi" at Tulsi Ghat. Experts from the USA and Sweden also participate.|
|1993||The Swatcha Ganga Research Laboratory (SGRL) is established with the support of the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SNF), and laboratory data establishes the inefficiency of GAP Phase I schemes. This state-of-the-art laboratory produces a reliable database.|
|1996||SMF proposes interceptor sewers along Ganga and Varuna rivers and AIWPS type of sewage treatment scheme for Varanasi.|
|1997||The "Feasibility Study of Interceptor Sewers and AIWPS Technology for Prevention of Pollution of Ganga at Vatranasi" is prepared jointly by SMF and Oswald-Green LLC, and is recommended and submitted by the Varanasi Municipal Corporation (VNN) to the Government for GAP Phase-II.|
|1998||"Swatcha Ganga Environmental Education Center", a joint initiative of SMF and Oz-GREEN/FOG of Australia is established at Tulsighat.|
|1999||Continuing efforts are made to educate local and national Government as to the advantages of appropriate and sustainable sewage treatment.|
|2000||Extension of the environmental education programme and initiation of clean drinking water projects in villages in collaboration with Oz-GREEN, Australia. US President Bill Clinton praises the Swatcha Ganga Campaign in his speech at Agra in India|
|2001||Three year project "Addressing Ganga's Pollution at Varanasi with change in social habits and use through awareness, mobilization and information dissemination" launched with support from SIDA, Sweden|
|2002||Active Collaboration established between cleanup campaigners of the "River Thames" in London and the Civil Society Partnership Program (CSPP) of Ganga in India, is launched by SMF with support from the Asia Foundation's "Asia Environmental Program", San Francisco, United States. "Adopt a Ghat" program launched. Schools and other local institutions come forth to adopt the world famous historical Ghats at the Ganga's bank to maintain their cleanliness, with support from SIDA|
|2003||SMF and Oz-GREEN, Australia jointly organize the International Students Congress. Participants from Australia, Bangladesh and many schools from Indian cities participated and decided their action plan for pollution abatement|
|2004||"Clean Ganga - Clean Ghat" a collaborative demonstration project implemented with support of British High Commission, New Delhi, under the SIDA project "Clean Ganga Conclave" at Tulsighat, and under the CSPP Clean Ganga Day organized at New Delhi|
|2005||SMF & Oz-GREEN organize 3rd International Students Congress MoU signed between Times Foundation, K.K. Jajodia Foundation and Art of Living Foundation for the Holy Ganga Initiative Students from Australia and Sweden participate in World Environment Day celebration Clean Ganga Day organized in New Delhi MoU signed with Oxfam Svaraj for cleaning the River Ganga water front and ghats of Varanasi a|