San Vicente

San Vicente

San Vicente, city (1993 pop. 28,529), central El Salvador. Among its industries are textile manufacturing and sugar milling. San Vicente is the commercial center of a region that produces coffee and sugarcane. From the nearby volcano San Vicente (7,360 ft/2,243 m) a wide vista of Central America may be seen. The town is noted for its 18th-century church, El Pilar.

San Vicente is a department of El Salvador in the center of the country. The capital is San Vicente.

On October 4, 1834, San Vicente City of Austria and Lorenzana (Ciudad de San Vicente de Austria y Lorenzana) was made the capital of State of El Salvador during the Federal Republic of Central America.

In 1840, it stopped to be the capital of the State of El Salvador but it continues to be of the department.

The department was created on June 12, 1824.

The department has 1,184 km² and a population in excess of 230,000.

Municipalities

  1. Apastepeque
  2. Guadalupe
  3. San Cayetano Istepeque
  4. San Esteban Catarina
  5. San Ildefonso
  6. San Lorenzo
  7. San Sebastián
  8. Santa Clara
  9. Santo Domingo
  10. San Vicente
  11. Tecoluca
  12. Tepetitán
  13. Verapaz

Volcan Of San Vicente

One of the most beautiful and imposing volcanoes of the coastal chain is the Chinchontepec or volcano of San Vicente, located in the confines of the department of the same name. Its almost perfect cone, as sugar pile, finishes off in two hill tops and this peculiarity gives origin to its nahuat name “Hill of two tits”.

The oriental summit was called “volcano of Zacatecoluca”, is the highest one at 2,173 meters over sea level and it presents a well formed and conserved crater whose bottom at 1,990 meters has a swamp in the stormy season.

The western summit, smaller at 2,083 meters, exhibits an open crater to the east.

Dense vegetation covers both summits. To the northeast, at 820 meters in a ravine of 180 meters of longitude, there are fumaroles; fountains of clear and muddy water or small volcanoes of mud. The most important is to the south of the geological fissure. These groups of phenomenon of geological action are called “infiernillos”. In them, the water is at temperatures of 60°C to 98°C and they contain great quantities of water vapor, sulfuric acid, sulfuric hydrogen, and carbonic acid.

The beautiful Valley of Jiboa expands to the northeast and north of the western summit. It is also called Valley of Millers.

Chichontepec Volcano has also in the midst of the valley, an important archeological site called "Tehuacan." This was a place of adoration to the aztec gods, and the found structures demonstrates the type of hierarchical organization their tribes had.

Art Crafts

San Vicente is famous for the variety of typical sweets elaborated with coconut preserves, nance, and tamarindo. In San Esteban Catarina, sweets of panela and pilon sugar are manufactured. San Sebastian is very famous for its textile production.

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