(pronounced San Mar-teen) is a census-designated place
(CDP) and an unincorporated town in Santa Clara County
, United States
. The community has been considering incorporating into either a city or town since 2004, but no official action has been taken as of 2008.
Like neighboring Morgan Hill and Gilroy, San Martin is a large producer of garlic and table mushrooms. It is also home to the volunteer-run Wings of History aviation museum, located next to South County Airport. It also houses the antique, pleasant grocery store, Rocca's Market, and the small, tranquil San Martin Cafe - a popular breakfast and lunch eatery well-known for its menudo.
San Martin is located at (37.087746, -121.600020). It is approximately 48 km
) south of San Jose, California
, 11 km (7 mi) north of Gilroy, California
, and 24 km (15 mi) inland from the Pacific Coast
. Lying in a roughly 6 km-wide (4-mi-wide) southern extension of the Santa Clara Valley
, it is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains
to the west and the Diablo Range
to the east.
San Martin lies at an elevation of about 86 m (282 ft) above MSL
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km²), all of it land.
Due to the moderating influence of the Pacific Ocean
, San Martin enjoys a mild, Mediterranean climate. Temperatures range from an average midsummer maximum of 90.2°F
) to an average midwinter low of 33.6°F (0.9°C). Average annual rainfall is 480 mm
), and the summer months are typically dry. Snowfall is rare, about once every 20 years, and is light and short-lived when it occurs. Summer months are characterized by coastal fog which arrives from the ocean around 10 p.m. and dissipates the next morning by 10 a.m.. Winter months have many sunny and partly cloudy days, with frequent breaks between rainstorms. The local terrain is inconducive to tornadoes, severe windstorms and thunderstorms. The local climate supports chaparral
and grassland biomes
, with stands of live oak
at higher elevations.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 4,230 people, 1,210 households, and 994 families residing in the CDP. The population density
was 766.4 people per square mile (295.9/km²). There were 1,254 housing units at an average density of 227.2/sq mi (87.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 65.46% White
, 0.83% African American
, 1.63% Native American
, 6.12% Asian
, 0.24% Pacific Islander
, 20.97% from other races
, and 4.75% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 39.41% of the population.
There were 1,210 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 12.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.44 and the average family size was 3.66.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $70,064, and the median income for a family was $70,708. Males had a median income of $56,625 versus $34,792 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,944. About 5.2% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.
San Martin is served by VTA
buses and hosts a Caltrain
commuter rail station.
In the state legislature
San Martin is located in the 15th Senate
District, represented by Republican Abel Maldonado
, and in the 27th Assembly
District, represented by Democrat John Laird
. Federally, San Martin is located in California's 16th congressional district
, which has a Cook PVI
of D +16 and is represented by Democrat Zoe Lofgren