Samuel James

Samuel James

Ervin, Samuel James, 1896-1985, U.S. senator (1954-75), b. Morganton, N.C. Admitted to the bar in 1919, he became a distinguished jurist, serving as a judge on a county criminal court (1935-37), the North Carolina superior court (1937-43), and the state supreme court (1948-54), before being appointed (1954) to the U.S. Senate. Elected for a full term in 1956, Ervin joined the coalition of Southern Democrats and conservative Republicans who supported a large defense establishment while opposing civil rights and social welfare legislation. Becoming (1961) chairman of the subcommittee on constitutional rights of the Senate Judiciary Committee, he won a reputation as a civil libertarian. Ervin received (1973) national attention as chairman of the Senate Select Committee to Investigate Presidential Campaign Practices, which held televised hearings on the Watergate affair and the financing of the 1972 presidential election.

See biography by P. R. Clancy (1974).

Samuel James Renwick McMillan (February 22, 1826October 3, 1897) was an American politician. He was a Republican U.S. Senator from Minnesota. McMillan served in the U.S. Senate in the 44th, 45th, 46th, 47th, 48th, and 49th United States Congresses, from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1887. He had also been a member of the Minnesota Supreme Court from 1864 to 1875 and served as Chief Justice from 1874 – 1875. He graduated from Western University of Pennsylvania in 1846, later studying the law on his own as was the custom of the day.

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